DISEASES OF SUGARCANE – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Red rot  Colletotrichum falcatum Whip smut Ustilago scitaminea Sett rot or pine apple disease Ceratocystis paradoxa Rust Puccinia erianthi Gummosis Xanthomonas campestris pv. vasculorum Mosaic Sugarcane mosaic virus Grassy shoot Mycoplasma like organism [MLO] Iron chlorosis Iron deficiency Ratoon stunting Clavibacter xyli Witch weed Striga angustifolia [Partial root parasite] 1. RED ROT […]

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DISEASES OF JUTE – Agricultural study materials

Root rot and stem rot Macrophomina phaseolina Bacterial wilt Pseudomonas solanacearum 1. ROOT ROT and STEM ROT – Macrophomina phaseolina Symptoms The fungus attacks the stem at the nodal region, causing shredding of the bark. In mature plants, necrotic lesions on the leaves appear at the apex and along their margins. Pycnidia are formed on […]

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DISEASES OF COTTON – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Fusarium Wilt Fusarium oxysporium f.sp.vasinfectum Verticilium Wilt Verticillium dahliae Grey mildew or Areolate mildew Ramularia areola Root rot Rhizoctonia bataticola Anthracnose Colletotrichum capsici and Glomerella gossipii Leaf blight Alternaria macrospora Boll rot -Complex disease F.monoliforme, C.capsici, A.flavus, A.niger Stenosis or Small leaf Phytoplasma (Mycoplasma like organism) Bacterial blight Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum […]

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DISEASES OF JATROPHA – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Root rot Macrophomina phaseolina Powdery mildew Oidium sp. Leaf spots   Alternaria sp. Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD)  Cassava mosaic gemini virus (CMG) 1. Root rot – Macrophomina phaseolina Symptom Symptoms include yellowing of foliage, reduced leaf size, and eventual death of the plant due to root rot. The affected tissues show shredding of […]

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DISEASES OF LINSEED – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Rust Melamspora lini Wilt Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lini Powdery mildew Oidium lini Alternaria leaf spot Alternaria lini Septoria leaf spot Mycosphaerella linorum 1. Rust –Melamspora lini Symptoms The rust may attack all the aerial parts of the plant including the capsules. Diseased plants produce bright orange uredo pustules on both surfaces of […]

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DISEASES OF CASTOR – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Seedling blight Phytophthora parasitica Rust Melampsora ricini Leaf blight Alternaria ricini Brown leaf spot Cercospora ricinicola Bacterial leaf blight Xanthomonas campestris pv. ricini 1. SEDLING BLIGHT – Phytophthora parasitica Symptoms The disease appears as circular, dull green patch on both the surface of the cotyledonary leaves. Later it spreads and cause rotting. […]

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DISEASES OF SAFFLOWER – Agricultural study materials

Rust Puccinia carthami Leaf spot Cercospora carthami Leaf blight Alternaria carthami 1. RUST- Puccinia carthami Symptoms The pustules (uredosori) are chestnut brown in colour and scattered throughout the leaves. Later, black teliosori are formed on the leaves. Stem girdling occurs in older plants and rust pustules also appear on roots. Uredia and telia are produced […]

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DISEASES OF SUNFLOWER – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Rust Puccinia helianthi Leaf blight Alternaria helianthi Root rot or charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina Head rot Rhizopus nigricans 1. RUST – Puccinia helianthi Symptoms Small, reddish brown pustules (uredia) covered with rusty dust appear on the lower surface of bottom leaves. In severe infection, numerous pustules appear on leaves leading to yellowing […]

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DISEASES OF GINGELLY OR SESAME – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Leaf blight Alternaria sesami Leaf spot or white spot Cercospora sesami Leaf and stem blight Phytophthora parasitica var sesami Root rot or charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina Wilt Fusarium oxysporium f.sp.sesami Powdery mildew Erisiphe cichoracearum Bacterial blight Xanthomonas campestris pv.sesami  Bacterial leaf spot Pseudomonas sesami Leaf curl Nicotiana virus Phyllody Mycoplasma – like […]

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DISEASES OF MUSTARD / RAPE SEED – Agricultural study material

White rust Albugo cruciferarum Leaf blight Alternaria brassicae 1. WHITE RUST / BLISTER- Albugo cruciferarum Symptoms Isolated, raised and shiny white pustules develop on leaves and stem. In severe cases, the entire plant may remain dwarf and only small leaves are formed. The pathogen is an obligate parasite. Mode of spread and survival The infection […]

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DISEASES OF GROUND NUT – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Tikka early leaf spot Cercospora arachidicola Tikka late leaf spot Phaeoisariopsis personata Rust Puccinia arachidis Crown rot / Collar rot Aspergillus niger and A. flavus Dry root rot Macrophomina phaseolina Stem and pod rot Sclerotoum rolfsii Anthracnose Colletotrichum dematium Bacterial wilt Pseudomonas solanacearum Bud necrosis or ring mosaic Tomato spotted wilt virus […]

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DISEASES OF BLACK GRAM / GREEN GRAM, SOYBEANS, COW PEA

1. LEAF CURL – Tomato spotted wilt virus [TSWV] Symptoms The infection starts as chlorosis of lateral veins near the leaf margins and margins slowly curl downwards. The infected leaves are brittle and plants produce a few small and malformed pods. Vector  The disease is transmitted by Thrips viz., – Frankliniella schultzi, Thrips tabaci and […]

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DISEASES OF BENGAL GRAM / CHICK PEA – Free Study Material

1. WILT – Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceri Symptoms The disease occurs in seedling stage and flowering stage. Infected seedlings show yellowing, drying of leaves, browning of vascular bundles and finally wilting of plants. Mode of Spread and Survival  The disease spreads through irrigation water and farm implements. The pathogen survives as chlamydospores in the soil […]

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DISEASES OF RED GRAM / PIEGON PEA – Agricultural study materials

1.  WILT – Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. udum Symptoms The characteristic symptoms of the diseases are yellowing and dropping of leaves followed by drying of the plant and dark – streaks under the bark of roots and base of the stem. The vascular tissues exhibit brown discolouration and partial wilting of roots. The symptoms appear when […]

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DISEASES OF PULSES – Agricultural study materials

Common Pulse Diseases COMMON DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Dry root rot Macrophomina phaseolina Leaf spot Cercospora canescens Powdery mildew Erysiphe polygoni Rust Uromyces phaseoli-typica Anthracnose Colletotrichum lindemuthianum Bacterial blight Xanthomonas phaseoli Yellow mosaic Yellow mosaic virus Leaf crinkle Leaf crinkle virus RED GRAM / PIEGON PEA Wilt Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. udum Stem blight Phytophthora drechsleri f.sp. […]

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DISEASES OF MINOR MILLETS

TENAI / FOX-TAIL MILLET Blast Pyricularia setariae Leaf spot or leaf blotch Helminthosporium setariae Smut Ustilago crameri Downy mildew or green ear Sclerospora graminicola KUDIRAIVALI Smut Ustilago crus-galli VARAGU / KODO MILLET Head smut Sorosporium paspali-thunbergii Ergot or sugary disease Claviceps paspali PANIVARAGU / SMALL MILLET Rust Uromyces linearis SAMAI Smut Sphacelotheca destruens Downy mildew […]

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DISEASES OF RAGI / FINGER MILLET – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Blast Pyricularia grisea Seedling blight / leaf blight Helmithosporium nodulosum Wilt / foot rot Sclerotium rolfsii Downy mildew/Green ear/Crazy top Sclerospora macrospora Smut  Melanopsichium eleusinis Mottle streak  Mottle streak virus 1. BLAST – Pyricularia grisea Symptoms  The pathogen attacks the crop from seedling stage to the time of grain formation. Characteristic spindle-shaped […]

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Diseases of Cumbu, Pearl, Millet, Bajra – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES OF CUMBU/PEARL MILLET/BAJRA DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Downy mildew or green ear Sclerospora graminicola Ergot or sugary disease Claviceps fusiformis Smut Tolyposporium penicillariae Rust Puccinia penniseti 1. DOWNY MILDEW/GREEN EAR – Sclerospora graminicola Symptoms The first symptom appears in seedlings at 3-4 leaf stage. Affected leaves show patches of light green to light yellow colour […]

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Disease of Oats plants – Agricultural study materials

Diseases of oats DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Septoria avenae blotch    Phaeosphaeria avenaria f.sp. avenaria Stem and leaf rust            Puccinia graminis var. avena Leaf spot Drechslera campanulata Bacterial blight Pseudomonas syringae pv.striafaciens Yellow dwarf      Barley yellow dwarf virus 1. Septoria avenae blotch   — Phaeosphaeria avenaria f.sp. avenaria Symptoms The fungus infects leaves, sheaths and stem and […]

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Diseases of Wheat – Free Online Studymaterial

DISEASES OF WHEAT DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Black / Stem rust Puccinia graminis tritici Leaf / brown / orange rust Puccinia recondita Yellow / stripe rust Puccinia striiformis Loose smut Ustilago nuda tritici Flag smut Urocystis agropyri Rough spore bunt / stinking bunt Tilletia caries Smooth spored bunt Tilletia foetida Kernal bunt Neovassia indica Powdery mildew […]

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