What is the name of Junagadh,Hyderabad,Jodhpur ,Kashmir

Junagadh The Nawab of Junagadh, or his Dewan, Shah Nawaz Bhutto, father of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who later went on to become the President of Pakistan, both rejected the autocratic rule. Three States surrounding Junagadh, chose to be part of India, and the fourth side it is covered by the Arabian sea. The majority of […]

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Princely States of India

Princely States of India During the pre-independence phase, many princely states enjoyed the patronage of the British rule and were not eager to part with their privileges when the integration of States were proposed. Some of the rulers were looking forward to establishing finally their own independent State, and assert their autonomy, post-independence. A unification […]

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Challenges of Nation Building

Integration of Princely States A ‘princely state’ or a ‘native state’ is a political unit of a larger administrative province, which either is ruled directly by monarchic lineage or serves as a subsidiary coalition with a more powerful monarchic government. These smaller administrative pockets were based on the political, cultural, lingual, and geographical landscape. In […]

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Distribution of powers of the legislature

Distribution of powers of the legislature The legislative powers and functions of the Union and the States are clearly demarcated in seventh schedule of the Constitution of India. The powers on which both union and the states can legislate is clearly defined. The Constitution has classified the subjects for which the legislation can be made […]

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Parliament: Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha

Powers of the Lok Sabha 1. The of Lok Sabha is the most powerful political institution which reflects the political, social and economic conditions of the country, holds highest responsibility and virtually represents the entire population. 2. The Lok Sabha is constituted with members elected directly by the people. These members represent the varied interests […]

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Functioning of Rajya Sabha

The Vice-President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. The Chairman presides over the proceedings and regulates the Rajya Sabha. Except the Money/Financial Bill all other bills will be placed before the Rajya Sabha for discussion, questions, motions and resolutions under the rules of procedure and conduct of business. The functions of […]

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Roles and Responsibilities of the Speaker

The leader of the House of the People is the Speaker – who is elected by the Lok Sabha, from among its members. The Speaker’s duties are to conduct, facilitate the debates and discussions as well as the answers to questions, regulating the conduct of Members of the House and taking care of their privileges […]

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Functioning of House of People (Lok Sabha)

The parliament has two houses and both houses carry the same values and responsibilities with a few exception such as passing the finance bills. The first one is the Lok Sabha (Lower House or House of People) with 543 members elected from 543 Parliamentary constituencies across the country directly by the people who have attained […]

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Union Legislature: The Parliament

The Parliament is known as Union Legislature or National Legislature, which is a supreme body of decision making and symbol of democratic governance. The Parliament is the most powerful platform with accountability for debating on the issues regarding welfare of the country and its people and enacting laws and making changes to the constitution. It […]

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Legislature

Introduction Legislature is one of most important institution for the functioning of representative democracy. The basic objective of the legislature is to hold its representatives accountable, responsible for the interest of the people in the country. Legislature is generally referred as the highest law-making body, having elected representation from all the constituents of the state […]

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Salient Features of Indian Constitution

Longest Written Constitution: The Indian Constitution is considered to be the longest written constitution in the world. It contains different provisions for states and centre and their inter-relationship. The framers of the Constitution have borrowed provisions from several sources and several other Constitutions of the world. The Indian Constitution contains the detailed list of individual […]

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What are all the Sources of Indian Constitution – study material

The Primary Sources of the Indian Constitution are as follows: The framers of the Constitution adopted the features of the Indian Constitution from several sources. The primary sources that inspired the framers of the Indian Constitution are: •Volume I (9th December to 23rd December 1946) •Volume II (20th January to 25th January 1947) • Volume […]

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Constitution of India( இந்திய அரசியல் அமைப்பு)

Meaning, functions and significance of the construction Nationalism during the colonial period strived not only for political independence but also for territorial integration, constitutionalism and democratization. India is a culturally diverse country, yet united as a political state. Indians are dependent upon each other in many ways, and they cooperate in many ways. There is […]

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What is Media – Importance of Media – Roles and Responsibilities of Media-Public opinion about Media – Free Study Material

What is Media :Every individual person is a medium of expression. Media is the plural of the word medium.An individual interacts through the media to reach other individual and institutions. Media is generally the agency for inter-personal communication. Media includes every broadcasting and narrowcasting medium. It includes physical and online newspapers and magazines, television, radio, […]

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Parliament Of India – Union Legislature – Upsc and Group 1 Study Guide – Indian polity – Free Study Material

Introduction: The Parliament is the legislative organ of the Union government. It occupies a preeminent and central position in the Indian democratic political system due to adoption of the parliamentary form of government, also known as ‘Westminster’ model of government. Articles 79 to 122 in Part V of the Constitution deal with the organisation, composition,duration, […]

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