It is clear from the above diagram that drip irrigation is the most efficient irrigation in terms of water use efficiency compared to all other methods. Flood irrigation method is found to be the most uneconomical irrigation method in terms of water use efficiency when compared to all other methods.
In order to popularize micro irrigation, the Govt. of India is implementing the Micro Irrigation Scheme through which interested farmers be supported. The farmers can approach nearest extension functionary. The details are as follows:
Name of Scheme
Micro IrrigationTypeCentrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS)
Year of Commencement
To increase the area under efficient methods of irrigation viz. drip and sprinkler irrigation as these methods have been recognized as the only alternative for efficient use of surface as well as ground water resources.
•Out of the total cost of the Micro Irrigation (MI) System, 40% will be borne by the Central Government, 10% by the State Government and the remaining 50% will be borne by the beneficiary either through his/her own resources or soft loan from financial institutions.
•Assistance to farmers will be for covering a maximum area of 5 hectare per beneficiary family.
•Assistance for drip and sprinkler demonstration will be 75% of the cost for a maximum area of 0.5 ha per beneficiary, which will be met entirely by the Central Government.
•The Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) will be involved in selecting the beneficiaries.
•All categories of farmers are covered under the Scheme. However, it needs to be ensured that at least 25% of the beneficiaries are small and marginal farmers.
•The scheme includes both drip and sprinkler irrigation. However, sprinkler irrigation will be applicable only for those crops where drip irrigation is uneconomical.
•There will be a strong HRD input for the farmers, field functionaries and other stakeholders at different levels.
•Moreover, there will be publicity campaigns, seminars/workshops at extensive locations to develop skills and improve awareness among farmers about importance of water conservation and management.
•The Precision Farming Development Centres (PFDCs) will provide research and technical support for implementing the scheme.
•Supply of good quality system both for drip and sprinkler irrigation having BIS marking, proper after sales services to the satisfaction of the farmer is paramount.
Subsidy Pattern: Assistance is provided @ 50% (40% by the Government of India and 10% by the State Government) for drip/sprinkler Irrigation System. Assistance to the extent of 75% of the cost of demonstration is provided up to a limit of 0.5 ha.
Structure of Scheme
•At the National level, National Committee on Plasticulture Application in Horticulture (NCPAH) will be responsible for coordinating the Scheme, while the Executive Committee of NCPAH will approve the Action Plan. At the State level the State Micro Irrigation Committee will coordinate the programme, while at the District level the District Micro Irrigation Committee will oversee the programme.
•The Scheme will be implemented by an Implementing Agency (IA), appointed by the State Government, which will be the District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) or any identified Agency, to whom funds will be released to directly on the basis of approved district plans for each year.
•The IA shall prepare Annual Action Plan for the District which will be forwarded by the DMIC and SMIC for approval by the Executive Committee (EC) of NCPAH.
As indicated in column 5 above.
Area of Operation
The focus will be on horticultural crops being covered under the National Horticulture Mission in 24 States/UTs. A cluster approach will be adopted. The focus has also been extended to non horticultural crops.
Procedure to Apply
Project proposals are submitted through the State Government for release of assistance.