Cobb-Douglas Production Function


The Cobb-Douglas Production Function was developed by Charles W. Cobb and Paul H. Douglas, based on their empirical study of American manufacturing industry. It is a linear homogeneous production function
which implies that the factors of production can be substituted for one another up to a certain extent only.

The Cobb-Douglas production
function can be expressed as follows. Q = AL α Kß
Where, Q = output; A = positive constant;
K = capital; L = Labor α and β are positive fractions showing, the elasticity coefficients of outputs for the inputs labor and capital, respectively.
ß = (1- α) since α + ß = 1. denoting
constant returns to scale.Factor intensity can be measured by the
ratio ß / D.

The sum of a + ß shows the returns to scale.
i) (D + ß) =1, constant returns to scale. ii) (D + ß) <1, diminishing returns to
iii) (D + ß) >1, increasing returns to scale.

*The production function explains that with the proportionate increase in the factors, the output also increases in the same proportion.
*Cobb-Douglas production function
implies constant returns to scale.
*Cobb-Douglas production function
considered only two factors like
*Cobb-Douglas Production Function is a specific standard equation applied
to describe how much output can be
made with capital and labour input. It is used in empirical studies of manufacturing industries and in inter-industry comparisons. The relative shares of labour and capital in total output can also be determined. It is still used in the analysis of economies of modern, developed and stable nations in the world.

* labour and capital. Production takes
place only when both factors are employed.
*Labour contributes three-fourth of
production and capital contributes
one-fourth of production.
*The elasticity of substitution between the factors is equal to one.

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