DISORDER OF GIT

Medical College Materials UG degree

GIT

There are three most important parts of GIT:

1) Stomach

2) Small intestine

3) Large intestine

1) STOMACH:

Following disorders are related to STOMACH:

a) GASTRITIS: Causes of Gastritis

* Inflammation of gastric mucosa.

* Swelling of inner most layer.

* It is because of some type bacterial infection

b) ACLORYDRIA:

* It is a condition in which stomach fail to the formation of Hcl. Which cause Bacterial over growth.

c) PEPTIC ULCER:

*Particular area of stomach or intestinal area is excoriated. It developed by the digestive action of gastric juice.

2) SMALL INTESTINE:

a) ABNORMAL DIGESTION:

It is due to the failure of formation pancreatic juice in to the small intestine.

b)MALL ABSORPTION:

Due to the removal of some part of small intestine the absorption will effect.

3) DISORDER OF LARGE INTESTINE:

a) CONSTIPATION:

*Due to the slow movement of fecal material from the large intestine.

* Large quantity of dry, hard fecal in the descending colone area.

b) DIARRHEA:

Rapid movement of the fecal material in large intestine.

FORMATION AND ROLE OF ATP:

ATP ( Adenosine triphosphate):

* It is the energy currency of the cell.

* All organism use organic food as a source of ATP.

Carbohydrates ( degradated energy)→ Co2+ H2O + energy for the formation of ATP

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