PEST Affecting the Fruits – GUAVA, BER, JACK AND PINEAPPLE – Pest Studymaterial

Agri manufacturing

GUAVA

Tea mosquito bug Helopeltis antonii (Miridae: Hemiptera)

Fruit borer/ Castor capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera)

Guava fruit flies Bactrocera diversus (Tephritidae: Diptera)

Whiteflies, Aleurotuberculatus psidii (Aleyrodidae: Hemiptera)

Aphids, Aphis gossypii (Aphididae: Hemiptera)

Mealy bugs, Coccus viridis and Ferrisia virgata (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera)

Guava scales Chloropulvinaria psidii (Diaspididae: Hemiptera)

Bark borer, Indarbela tetraonis (Metarbelidae: Lepidoptera)

BER

Ber fruit fly Carpomyia vesuviana Tephritidae Diptera

  • Adult is a small black-spotted fly with banded wings. 
  • Female lays eggs in cavities made on the fruit by the ovipositor. Maggots feed on the fruit pulp. Full-grown maggot falls to ground to pupate in soil. 
  • Oviposition punctures made by flies on the fruits give them rough appearance. Punctures appear as black spots in depressions later on. 
  • Maggots bore into the pulp forming reddish-brown galleries. 
  • Attacked fruits rot and turn dark-brown and smell offensively and dropped.

Ber fruit borer Meridarches scyrodes Carposinidae Lepidoptera

  • Adult is a small dark-brown moth, reddish larva of which bores into the fruit feeding on pulp and accumulating faecal frass within. 

Leaf butterfly Tarucus indicus Lycaenidae Lepidoptera

  • Small fleshy green caterpillars feed on the leaves. White transparent patches are seen on leaves. Adults have white wings with pale brown bands on the ventral side.

Hairy caterpillar, Euproctis fraterna Lymantriidae Lepidoptera

Lac insect Laccifer lacca Kerridae Hemiptera

                                           

                    JACK

Borer – Margaronia caesalis-Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera

Bud weevil – Ochyromera artocarpi-Curculionidae: Coleoptera

Leaf caterpillar-Glyphodes bivitralis-Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera

Hairy caterpillar-Perina nuda-Lymantriidae: Lepidoptera

Lace wing bug-Stephanitis chariesis-Tingidae: Hemiptera

Aphids-Greenidia artocarpi-Toxoptera aurantii, Aphididae: Hemiptera

Thrips-Pseudodendrothrips dwivarna-Thripidae: Thysanoptera

PINE APPLE

Mealy bug

Pseudococcus brevipes

Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera

Rhinoceros beetle

Oryctes rhinoceros

Scarabaeidae: Coleoptera

POMEGRANATE

Anar butterfly Duodorix isocrates (Lycaenidae: Lepidoptera) 

  • It is a serious pest causing heavy damage to fruits. 
  • It is a polyphagous pest having a very wide range of host plants including, aonla, apple, ber, citrus, guava, litchi, loquat, mulberry, peach, pear, plum, sapota and tamarind. 
  • Adult butterflies are glossy-bluish–violet (males) to brownish violet (females) in colour with an orange patch on fore -wings.
  • Female butterfly lays shiny white, oval shaped eggs singly on calyx of flowers and on tender fruits. 
  • Young larvae bore into developing fruits. Full-grown caterpillars are dark brown in colour and have short hair and whitish patches all over the body. They pupate inside fruit but occasionally outside even, attaching themselves to stalk of fruits. 
  • Larvae bore inside the developing fruits and feed on pulp and seeds just below the rind exhibiting round bore holes on fruit. 

Fruit borer Conogethes punctiferalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera)

Aphids Aphis punicae (Aphididae: Hemiptera) 

Mealy bugs Ferrisia virgata and Pseudococcus lilacinus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera). 

Whiteflies Siphonimus phillyreae (Aleyrodidae: Hemiptera). 

Thrips Retithrips syriacus and Rhipiphorothrips cruentatus (Thripidae: Thysanoptera). 

Slug caterpillar Latoia lepida (Cochlidiidae: Lepidoptera). 

Hairy caterpillars Euproctis fraterna, Porthesia scintillans (Lymantriidae: Lepidoptera). 

Castor semilooper Achaea janata (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera). 

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