Osteoarthritis,Common chronic disorders, Knee Joint Pains, Knee pain, Causes of knee pain, Treatment for Knee joint pains

Osteoarthritis is a very common chronic disorder involving the joints. It is a degenerative change in the joints. The degenerative changes take place because the rubbing of the joint surfaces causes a wearing away and disintegration of the tissues. Causes and Risk factors Age: people above the age of 45 have the risk for developing […]

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Unconscious Status, Neurological disorder,Unconsciousness problems, Causes of unconsciousness,

Unconsciousness is a condition in which there is depression of cerebral function ranging from stupor to coma. Coma may be defined as no eye opening on stimulation, absence of comprehensible speech, a failure to obey commands. Unconsciousness is a lack of awareness of one’s environment and the inability to respond to external stimuli. Therefore, observe […]

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Epilepsy,Neurological disorder,Brain Illness, Causes of Neurological disorder, Symptoms of Epilepsy

Epilepsy Epilepsy is a tendency to have recurrent seizures, which results from disturbances in the normal electrical activity of the brain. The human brain is a unique computer, which works for all 24 hours. It is built up of billions of nerve cells called neuron. The neuron has electrical activity and this is transmitted through […]

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Kidney Failure, Causes of Kidney Failure, Acute Renal Failure, what causes kidney failure, Signs and symptoms of Kidney failure

Acute  renal failure  is a syndrome of varying causation that results in a sudden decline in renal function. Kidneys are a pair of organs located toward lower back.  One kidney is on each side of spine.  They filter blood and remove toxins from body.  Kidneys send toxins to your bladder. Later body removes toxins during […]

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Training – Types of training : Induction or Orientation training and Internship Training – Methods of training : On the Job Training (OJT) and Off the Job Training

Training Training is the act of increasing the knowledge and skills of an employee for doing a particular job.Training the new employee is an investment. Employees need to be thoroughly trained so that a maximum benefit is derived on a long term basis. When the employee has a familiarity on the established operational policies and […]

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Renal Calculi – Kidney stones,Causes of kidney stones,treatment for kidney stones

Renal Calculi A small, hard deposit that forms in the kidneys and is often painful when passed. Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine. They can be painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually don’t cause permanent damage. Classification Urolithiasis and nephrolithiasis Causes * […]

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COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), COPD causes and Symptoms, Nursing Management in COPD

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) This is characterized by progressive airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. It includes chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema and bronchial asthma. Chronic bronchitis, is a chronic inflammation of the lower respiratory tract characterized by excessive mucous secretion, cough, and dyspnea associated with recurring infections of lower respiratory tract. Pulmonary emphysema, […]

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Asthma,causes of asthma, Symptoms of Asthma,

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airway causing mucosal oedema and increased mucous production. Causes * Exposure to indoor and outdoor allergens * Airway irritant Risk factors * Family history of bronchial asthma * Exposure to airway irritants (weed, pollens, dust, strong odours, smoke) Signs and Symptoms: * Non-Productive cough * Dyspnea * Diaphoresis […]

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What is Anaemia, causes of anemia, symptoms of anaemia, Types of Anaemia, Complications of Anaemia

Anaemia Anaemia is a condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells and a deficiency of haemoglobin resulting in decreased oxygen-carrying capacity. Causes 1. Blood loss related to trauma 2. Decreased production of platelets. 3. Increased destruction of platelets 4. Decreased number of clotting factor. 5. Impairment of RBC […]

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Acute Myocardial Infarction, What is the main cause of a myocardial infarction? What is the difference between a heart attack and a myocardial infarction? What are the 4 silent signs of a heart attack?

Myocardial infarction refers to a dynamic process by which one or more regions of myocardium experience prolonged decrease in oxygen supply because of insufficient coronary blood flow causing necrosis of tissue. Causes * Occlusion of a coronary artery * Streneous physical activity * Emotional stress such as anger * Exposure to cold * Thrombus formation […]

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What is Hypertension, What is BP, What happen on Hyper tension or High Blood pressure, What causes hypertension and High Blood pressure

Hypertension A normal blood pressure reads as 120/80 where 120 denotes the systolic pressure and 80 denotes the diastolic pressure. When the value of blood pressure is 140/90 and above, then it is called as high blood pressure or hypertension. Blood pressure is the force of blood pressing against the walls of the blood vessels […]

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Cholecystitis, Inflammation of the gall bladder, signs and symptoms

Inflammation of the gall bladder Causes * Exact cxauses is not known * Gall stones and kinking or twisting of bile duct Risk factor * Sedentary life style * Obesity Signs & Symptoms * Pain on right upper quadrant/epigastric or both * Nausea * Vomiting * Increased temperature * Mild jaundice Investigations * Ultrasonography * […]

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What is hernia,Types of Hernia, Classification of Hernia, Symptoms of hernia, Treatment and management of hernia

Hernia A hernia is a protrusion of an organ, tissue or structure through the wall of the cavity in which it is normally contained. Causes 1. Congenital weakness of the abdominal wall. 2. Acquired causes (traumatic injury, aging). 3. Increased intra-abdominal pressure due to heavy lifting, obesity, pregnancy, straining and chronic coughing. Types of hernia […]

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Explain weaving operations in fabric productions or types of weaving operations?

Basic Weaving Operation: Basic Loom Operations: Selvedges: Thread Count: Basic Weave Structures: Surface figured weaves: Basic Weaving Operation: The machine used for weaving fabrics is a loom. Before weaving yarns intended forwarp must pass through such operations as spooling, wraping and slashing to preparethem to withstand the strain of weaving process. These processes do not […]

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Difference between warp and weft in fabric production

WARP: 1.Most Garments are cut in lengthwise 2.These are parallel to the selvedge 3.Yarns are finer in warp-wise direction as they have higher twist as warps have to go through lots of processing. 4.Filamentous yarns are preferred as warps 5.Yarns are stronger 6.Twist is more and yarns per inch is also more 7.Ply are preffered […]

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Yarn forms,Types of yarns in textile designing, Knitting Yarn

Yarn forms: (a) A number of fibers twisted together. (b) A number of filaments laid together without twist. (c) A number of filaments laid together with more or less twist. (d) A single mono filament. E.g . Silk TYPES OF YARNS: Yarns can be made either from short staple length fibers or from filament fibers. […]

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Define yarn:Manufacturing system for yarn explained.

“Yarn is defined by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) as “A generic term for a continuous strand of textile fiber, filament, or material suitable for knitting, weaving to form a textile fabric”. YARN MANUFACTURING SYSTEM: The twisting process by which fibers are formed into a yarn is referred to as spinning. Spinning […]

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