What is Diabetes, Diabetes mellitus, Types of Diabetes,diabetes health education, diabetes Management, Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (raised blood sugar level) and results from the defective insulin production, secretion, or utilization

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What is Osteoporosis, Low bone mass and Bone tissue disease, Causes of Osteoporosis, signs and symptoms of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a disease characterised by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, which can lead to increased risk of fracture. Risk factors * Genetics * Lack of exercise * Lack of calcium and vitamin D3 * Diet calcium / vitamin D deficiency * Osteoporosis means “porous bones” Signs and Symptoms * Pain […]

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Osteoarthritis,Common chronic disorders, Knee Joint Pains, Knee pain, Causes of knee pain, Treatment for Knee joint pains

Osteoarthritis is a very common chronic disorder involving the joints. It is a degenerative change in the joints. The degenerative changes take place because the rubbing of the joint surfaces causes a wearing away and disintegration of the tissues. Causes and Risk factors Age: people above the age of 45 have the risk for developing […]

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Unconscious Status, Neurological disorder,Unconsciousness problems, Causes of unconsciousness,

Unconsciousness is a condition in which there is depression of cerebral function ranging from stupor to coma. Coma may be defined as no eye opening on stimulation, absence of comprehensible speech, a failure to obey commands. Unconsciousness is a lack of awareness of one’s environment and the inability to respond to external stimuli. Therefore, observe […]

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Epilepsy,Neurological disorder,Brain Illness, Causes of Neurological disorder, Symptoms of Epilepsy

Epilepsy Epilepsy is a tendency to have recurrent seizures, which results from disturbances in the normal electrical activity of the brain. The human brain is a unique computer, which works for all 24 hours. It is built up of billions of nerve cells called neuron. The neuron has electrical activity and this is transmitted through […]

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Kidney Failure, Causes of Kidney Failure, Acute Renal Failure, what causes kidney failure, Signs and symptoms of Kidney failure

Acute  renal failure  is a syndrome of varying causation that results in a sudden decline in renal function. Kidneys are a pair of organs located toward lower back.  One kidney is on each side of spine.  They filter blood and remove toxins from body.  Kidneys send toxins to your bladder. Later body removes toxins during […]

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Renal Calculi – Kidney stones,Causes of kidney stones,treatment for kidney stones

Renal Calculi A small, hard deposit that forms in the kidneys and is often painful when passed. Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine. They can be painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually don’t cause permanent damage. Classification Urolithiasis and nephrolithiasis Causes * […]

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COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), COPD causes and Symptoms, Nursing Management in COPD

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) This is characterized by progressive airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. It includes chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema and bronchial asthma. Chronic bronchitis, is a chronic inflammation of the lower respiratory tract characterized by excessive mucous secretion, cough, and dyspnea associated with recurring infections of lower respiratory tract. Pulmonary emphysema, […]

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Asthma,causes of asthma, Symptoms of Asthma,

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airway causing mucosal oedema and increased mucous production. Causes * Exposure to indoor and outdoor allergens * Airway irritant Risk factors * Family history of bronchial asthma * Exposure to airway irritants (weed, pollens, dust, strong odours, smoke) Signs and Symptoms: * Non-Productive cough * Dyspnea * Diaphoresis […]

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What is Anaemia, causes of anemia, symptoms of anaemia, Types of Anaemia, Complications of Anaemia

Anaemia Anaemia is a condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells and a deficiency of haemoglobin resulting in decreased oxygen-carrying capacity. Causes 1. Blood loss related to trauma 2. Decreased production of platelets. 3. Increased destruction of platelets 4. Decreased number of clotting factor. 5. Impairment of RBC […]

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Acute Myocardial Infarction, What is the main cause of a myocardial infarction? What is the difference between a heart attack and a myocardial infarction? What are the 4 silent signs of a heart attack?

Myocardial infarction refers to a dynamic process by which one or more regions of myocardium experience prolonged decrease in oxygen supply because of insufficient coronary blood flow causing necrosis of tissue. Causes * Occlusion of a coronary artery * Streneous physical activity * Emotional stress such as anger * Exposure to cold * Thrombus formation […]

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What is Hypertension, What is BP, What happen on Hyper tension or High Blood pressure, What causes hypertension and High Blood pressure

Hypertension A normal blood pressure reads as 120/80 where 120 denotes the systolic pressure and 80 denotes the diastolic pressure. When the value of blood pressure is 140/90 and above, then it is called as high blood pressure or hypertension. Blood pressure is the force of blood pressing against the walls of the blood vessels […]

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Cholecystitis, Inflammation of the gall bladder, signs and symptoms

Inflammation of the gall bladder Causes * Exact cxauses is not known * Gall stones and kinking or twisting of bile duct Risk factor * Sedentary life style * Obesity Signs & Symptoms * Pain on right upper quadrant/epigastric or both * Nausea * Vomiting * Increased temperature * Mild jaundice Investigations * Ultrasonography * […]

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What is hernia,Types of Hernia, Classification of Hernia, Symptoms of hernia, Treatment and management of hernia

Hernia A hernia is a protrusion of an organ, tissue or structure through the wall of the cavity in which it is normally contained. Causes 1. Congenital weakness of the abdominal wall. 2. Acquired causes (traumatic injury, aging). 3. Increased intra-abdominal pressure due to heavy lifting, obesity, pregnancy, straining and chronic coughing. Types of hernia […]

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20 ways to live healthier life, Common Control Measures of Communicable diseases, Diseases spreading awareness

Ways Of Controlling Diseases 1) Wash your hands before and after contact with an infected person.All bodily fluids from the infected person are considered contagious. Hand washing is one of the most standard ways to avoid infection.Wash your hands throughly. 2) Wash for the appropriate amount of time, or use hand sanitizer. Use an alcohol-based […]

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Gonorrhoea, Sexually transmitted disease, Human Sexual transmitted disease, Symptoms of Gonorrhoea, Diagnosis and Complications of gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Its caused by infection with the bacterium neisseria gonorrhoea, it tends to infect warm, moist area of the body. Causative organism * Nesseria Gonorrhoea Incubation period * 2-5 daysafter exposure Symptoms In men • White, yellow or green urethral discharge (pus-like) • Pain in the testicles or scrotum […]

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HIV and AIDS, Transmission of HIV, Symptoms of HIV and Aids

HIV is a virus that damages the immune systems, which helps the body to off infection. Causative organism * Human immuno deficiency virus Incubation period * Between 2 weeks to months, or longer *Through Body Transmission of HIV * Body Fluids * Blood * Breast milk * Semen * Vaginal and rectal fluids * Sharing […]

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Tetanus Infection ,Damage Nervous system and Muscle, Symptoms of Tetanus infection

Tetanus Tetanus is caused by the infection of wounds by bacterium Clostridium tetani, which produces toxin that damages the ner-vous system and muscles Causative organism: * Bacterium Clostridium Tetani Incubation period * 3–21 days Signs and symptoms * Muscle rigidity * Lockjaw an inability to open the mouth wide * Firmness of the Abdominal muscles […]

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