Skin Bank, What is Skin Banking, criteria for Donating Skin, skin donations

What is skin banking? Skin banking is a facility where the skin is collected from eligible deceased donor and processed as per international protocols. Skin can be stored in the skin bank at 4-8o Celsius up to 5 years. T he stored skin can be used for Burns patient who have Deep Burns, Chemical Burns, […]

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Occupational Disorders – Computer Vision Syndrome, Role Of nurse in NCD

Computer Vision Syndrome About two hundred years before, the word “computer” started to appear in the dictionary. Some people even didn’t know what is a computer? However, most of the people today not just knowing what is a computer, but understand how to use a computer. Therefore, computer becomes more and more popular and important […]

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Occupational Disorders – Silicosis,signs and symptoms of Silicosis disorder

Silicosis Silicosis, also known as Pottor’s rot is a form of occupational lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline silica dust and is marked by inflammation and scarlingin forms of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs. Causes Silicosis is caused by exposure to crystalline silica and breathing in tiny bits of silica, […]

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Alcoholism, Alcohol Addiction, Signs and symptoms of Alcoholism, complications in alcoholism

Alcoholism Alcoholism is a disease characterised by the habitual intake of alcohol and it interferes with physical or mental health or with normal social or work behaviour. Signs & Symptoms * Confusion * Memory loss * Slow or irregular breathing * Cold or clammy hand due to hypothermia * Falling unconscious and not waking up […]

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Dyslexia, Dyslexia causes and Symptoms, how to deal with Dyslexia, Parent and Teacher Deal with Dyslexia

Dyslexia Dyslexia means difficulty in reading or learning to read accompanied by difficulty in writing and spelling correctly. ‘Dys’ means difficulty ‘lexia’ means words Causes * Congenital * Acquired brain damage (Birth trauma use of medication like phenobarbitone) Signs and Symptoms * Difficulties with – Concentration, Perception, Memory, Verbal skills, Abstract Reasoning, Hand eye co […]

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Breast Cancer, Causes of Breast Cancer, Signs and symptoms of Breast Cancer, Treatment for Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Definition:- cancer is a disease process whereby cells proliferate abnormally, ignoring growth regulating signals in the environment surrounding the cell. Causes * No definite cause * Hormones and genetics play some role in causing breast cancer Risk Factors * Breast cancer may be seen after the age of 50 * Personal or family […]

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Oral Cancer,Types of Oral Cancer,Lip Cancer Symptoms and management, Tongue Cancer Symptoms and Management, Oral cavity Cancer Symptoms and Management

The goals of cancer management are cure, control and palliative care. Cancer is a disease in which certain body cells multiply without apparent control, destroying healthy tissue and organs and endangering life. There are three main classifications of cancer- 1. Carcinoma 2. Sarcoma 3. Lymphoma. Carcinoma: which is cancer of the epithelial tissue that forms […]

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What is hypothyroidism, causes of hypothyroidism, sings and symptoms of hypothyroidism, treatment for thyroid

Hypothyroidism It is a metabolic state resulting from a deficiency of thyroid hormone that may occur at any age. Congenital hypothyroidism results in a condition called cretinism. Causes * Congenital defects of the thyroid gland * Defective hormone synthesis * Iodine deficiency (prenatal and post natal) * Anti thyroid drugs * Surgery of management with […]

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What is Hyperthyroidism, Causes of Thyroid, Signs and symptoms of thyroid, thyroid diagnosis

HYPERTHYROIDISM: It is defined as sustained increased in synthesis and relaxes of thyroid hormone by the thyroid glands. It is highly prevented endocrine disorders. Causes * Graves’ disease * Toxic, diffuse goiter * Toxic adenoma * Thyroid carcinoma Signs and Symptoms * Heat intolerance * Exophthalmos * Loose bowel movements * Profuse diaphoresis * Tachycardia […]

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Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome/Disease (PCOD), signs and symptoms of ovulatory dysfunction, polycystic ovaries, and hyper and rogenism, Management and treatment for PCOD

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder that includes ovulatory dysfunction, polycystic ovaries, and hyper and rogenism. It most commonly occurs in women under 30 years old and is a cause of infertility. What are all the Causes * The causes are unknown. What is the Signs and Symptoms of poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome * […]

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What is Diabetes, Diabetes mellitus, Types of Diabetes,diabetes health education, diabetes Management, Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (raised blood sugar level) and results from the defective insulin production, secretion, or utilization

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What is Osteoporosis, Low bone mass and Bone tissue disease, Causes of Osteoporosis, signs and symptoms of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Osteoporosis is a disease characterised by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, which can lead to increased risk of fracture. Risk factors * Genetics * Lack of exercise * Lack of calcium and vitamin D3 * Diet calcium / vitamin D deficiency * Osteoporosis means “porous bones” Signs and Symptoms * Pain […]

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Osteoarthritis,Common chronic disorders, Knee Joint Pains, Knee pain, Causes of knee pain, Treatment for Knee joint pains

Osteoarthritis is a very common chronic disorder involving the joints. It is a degenerative change in the joints. The degenerative changes take place because the rubbing of the joint surfaces causes a wearing away and disintegration of the tissues. Causes and Risk factors Age: people above the age of 45 have the risk for developing […]

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Unconscious Status, Neurological disorder,Unconsciousness problems, Causes of unconsciousness,

Unconsciousness is a condition in which there is depression of cerebral function ranging from stupor to coma. Coma may be defined as no eye opening on stimulation, absence of comprehensible speech, a failure to obey commands. Unconsciousness is a lack of awareness of one’s environment and the inability to respond to external stimuli. Therefore, observe […]

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Epilepsy,Neurological disorder,Brain Illness, Causes of Neurological disorder, Symptoms of Epilepsy

Epilepsy Epilepsy is a tendency to have recurrent seizures, which results from disturbances in the normal electrical activity of the brain. The human brain is a unique computer, which works for all 24 hours. It is built up of billions of nerve cells called neuron. The neuron has electrical activity and this is transmitted through […]

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Kidney Failure, Causes of Kidney Failure, Acute Renal Failure, what causes kidney failure, Signs and symptoms of Kidney failure

Acute  renal failure  is a syndrome of varying causation that results in a sudden decline in renal function. Kidneys are a pair of organs located toward lower back.  One kidney is on each side of spine.  They filter blood and remove toxins from body.  Kidneys send toxins to your bladder. Later body removes toxins during […]

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Renal Calculi – Kidney stones,Causes of kidney stones,treatment for kidney stones

Renal Calculi A small, hard deposit that forms in the kidneys and is often painful when passed. Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine. They can be painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually don’t cause permanent damage. Classification Urolithiasis and nephrolithiasis Causes * […]

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COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), COPD causes and Symptoms, Nursing Management in COPD

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) This is characterized by progressive airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. It includes chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema and bronchial asthma. Chronic bronchitis, is a chronic inflammation of the lower respiratory tract characterized by excessive mucous secretion, cough, and dyspnea associated with recurring infections of lower respiratory tract. Pulmonary emphysema, […]

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Asthma,causes of asthma, Symptoms of Asthma,

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airway causing mucosal oedema and increased mucous production. Causes * Exposure to indoor and outdoor allergens * Airway irritant Risk factors * Family history of bronchial asthma * Exposure to airway irritants (weed, pollens, dust, strong odours, smoke) Signs and Symptoms: * Non-Productive cough * Dyspnea * Diaphoresis […]

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