textile Designing

Application of Non-wovens and types of Non-wovens explained

Application of Non-wovens:

Non-woven fabrics appear in a wide variety of products for apparel, home-furnishings, business, industry and specialized applications such as aerospace. The list of products made from non-woven fabrics is long and growing each year.

Some typical end-use items include diapers, handkerchiefs, shirts, dresses, apparel interfacings, bandages, curtains, decontamination clothing, garment bags, industrial apparel, lampshades, map backing, napkins, place mats, ribbons, upholstery backing, window shades, hospital gowns, hospital sheets and many more.

Durable non-wovens have wide applications. these include apparel, such as for caps, interlinnings and interfacings home furnishings, such as for draperies furniture, upholstery, mattress padding, and carpet backing, industrial uses, such as filters, insulation and roadbed stablization sheetings.

Disposable non-wovens are essentially made for one time use; such as dust cloths, may be laundered and reused a few times. General applications include diapers, sanitary napkins, surgical and industrial masks, bandages and towels. 3. Types of Non-wovens:

There are many types of non-woven but basically two types of non-wovens are very common:

(a) Felts

(b) Bonded fabrics

a. Felts:

Felts as defined by ASTM are: “A structure build up by the interlocking of fibers by a suitable combination of mechanical work, chemical action, moisture and heat without spinning, weaving or knitting.” They may consist of one or more classes of fibers (main fiber type is wool).

b. Bonded fabrics:

Bonded fabrics constitue a larger area of non-wovens and this word is used as a constituent of non-wovens.

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