Asthma,causes of asthma, Symptoms of Asthma,

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airway causing mucosal oedema and increased mucous production.


* Exposure to indoor and outdoor allergens

* Airway irritant Risk factors

* Family history of bronchial asthma

* Exposure to airway irritants (weed, pollens, dust, strong odours, smoke)

Signs and Symptoms:

* Non-Productive cough

* Dyspnea

* Diaphoresis

* Tachycardia

* Tachypnea

* Wheezing

* Cyanosis


* Family and occupational history

* Increased esonophil counts

* ABG-Analysis

* Sputum for Culture

* Pulmonary function test

Medical management

* Corticosteroids

* Bronchodilators

* Oxygen therapy

* Nebulization

Nursing Mangement

* Ineffective air way clearance related to inflammation and increased secretion.

• Increased fluid intake

• Coughing and breathing exercise

• Change of position frequently

• Administer broncho dilator

• Chest physiotherapy

• Suctioning

• Artificial airway if required

* Ineffective breathing pattern related to tachycardia

• Comfort position to facilitate breathing

• Administer prescribed cough suppressants and analgesics

• Monitor ABG

• Observe signs of hypoxia

* Activity intolerance related to decreased energy

• Schedule the activity after management

• Use oxygen as needed

• Avoid smoking, weight gain and stress which increases the oxygen demand

• Provide psychological support

• Calm and quiet environment to reduce anxiety

Related posts

What is the Classification Of Food


Naturopathy, Unani, Homeopathy and siddha medicines


Proteins, Daily Requirements of proteins, sources of protein, functions of proteins,Digestion and absorption


Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: