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Contributing disciplines to the Organisational Behaviour field – Free Online Studymaterial

Organizational behaviour is an applied behavioural science that is built upon contributions from a number of behavioural disciplines.

* Psychology

* Sociology

* Social psychology

* Anthropology

* Political science

I ) Psychology

*Psychology is the science that seeks to measure, explain, and sometimes change the behaviour of humans and other animals

*To use psychological and organizational theory and research to improve organizational effectiveness and the work life of all individual

*Psychologists concern themselves with studying and attempting to understand individual behaviour

* learning, perception, personality, emotions, training, leadership effectiveness, needs and motivational forces, job satisfaction, decision-making process, performance appraisals, attitude measurement, employee selection techniques, work design and job stress

II) sociology

* Sociologists study the social system in which individuals fill their roles

* Sociology studies people in relation to their fellow human beings to improve organizational performance.

* Study of group behaviour in organisations, group dynamics, design of work teams, organisational culture, formal organisational theory and structure, organisational technology, communications, power and conflict  

III) Social psychology :

An area within psychology that blends concepts from psychology and sociology and that focuses on the influence of people on one another.

* Major area:

change – how to implement it and how to reduce barriers to its acceptance

*Study areas:

measuring, understanding and changing attitudes, communication patters, building trust, the ways in which group activities can satisfy individual needs, group decision-making processes  

IV) Anthropology :

* The study of societies to learn about human beings and their activities.

* Study on culture and environment has helped us understand differences in fundamental values, attitudes, and behaviour between people in different countries and within different organisations

V) Political science:

* The study of the behaviour of individuals and groups within a political environment

* Study areas: structuring of conflicts, allocations of power, how people manipulate power for individual self-interest

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