Nursing

Diarrhoea – Common causes of diarrhoea, Preventive Measures of diarrhoea,symptoms of diarrhoea

Diarrhoea:

Diarrhoea is passing of watery stools that happens more often than expected,resulting in poor absorption of water, nutritive elements. It usually occurs by consuming contaminated water and food. Diarrhoea last for more than 3-4 weeks its known as chronic diarrhoea.

Causative organism

* Rotavirus

*Norovirus

Incubation period

* Few hours

Common cause

* Excessive Consumption Of Alcohol

*Consuming Less Water

* Bacterial & Viral Infection, Caused By Parasites, Germs,Virus

* Intestinal Infection

* Incomplete Digestion Of Food

* A Change in Diet

* Coeliac Disease

Symptoms of diarrhoea

* Bloating

* Vomiting & Dehyrate

* Stomach Pain

* Fever

* Abdominal Cramping

*Change in colour of stools

* Mucous, pus, blood

* Fat in your stools

Management

1. Acute diarrhoea can be treated with home remedies

2. Dairy products to be avoided for a week

3. Children rehydrate their body by taking ORS

4. In severe diarrhoea Antibiotics [Cefixime, ceftriaxone, and cefotaxime] resolve the symptoms of diarrhoea

Preventive measures

* Always Wash Hand Before eating or preparing food

* Avoid Undercooked Food

* Maintain sanitation systems

* Avoid sharing towels & untensils with others

* Drink Clean Water

* avoid tap water ice

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