Synthetic polymers are non-degradable and pollute the soil and when burnt add dioxin in the environment which cause cancer. So, efforts were taken to provide an alternative eco-friendly biopolymers. Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) are group of degradable biopolymers which have several medical applications such as drug delivery, scaffold and heart valves. PHAs are biological macromolecules and thermoplastics which are biodegradable and biocompatible. Several microorganisms have been utilized to produce different types of PHAs including Gram-positive like Bacillus megaterium, Bacillussubtilis and Corynebacterium glutamicum, Gram-negative bacteria like group of Pseudomonas sp. and Alcaligenes eutrophus.