The whole complement of genes that determine all characteristics of an organism is called genome. Which may be nuclear genome, mitochondrial genome or plastid genome. Genome of many plants contain both functional and non-expressive DNA proteins. Genome project refers to a project in which the whole genome of plant is analysed using sequence analysis and sequence homology with other plants. Such genome projects have so far been undertaken in Chlamydomonas(algae), Arabidopsis thaliana, rice and maize plants. Genome content of an organism is expressed in terms of number of base pairs or in terms of the content of DNA which is expressed as c-value.
What is Restriction Enzymes
Restriction Enzymes The two enzymes responsible for restricting the growth of bacteriophage in Escherichia coli were isolated in the year 1963. One was the enzyme which added methyl groups to DNA, while the other cut DNA. The latter was called restriction endonuclease. A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cleaves DNA into […]
Oil Seeds – Economically useful plants, Agricultural Business, Oil Seed Business Development
Oil Seeds Why fried foods are tastier than boiled foods? There are two kinds of oils namely, essential oils and vegetable oils or fatty oils. The essential oils or volatile oils which possess aroma evaporate or volatilize in contact with air. Any organ of a plant may be the source of essential oil. For example, […]
What is Decomposition, Nature of decomposition, Mechanism of Decomposition
Decomposition: Decomposition is a process in which the detritus (dead plants, animals and their excreta) are breaken down in to simple organic matter by the decomposers. It is an essential process for recycling and balancing the nutrient pool in an ecosystem Nature of decomposition The process of decomposition varies based on the nature of the […]