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Gonorrhoea, Sexually transmitted disease, Human Sexual transmitted disease, Symptoms of Gonorrhoea, Diagnosis and Complications of gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Its caused by infection with the bacterium neisseria gonorrhoea, it tends to infect warm, moist area of the body.

Causative organism

* Nesseria Gonorrhoea

Incubation period

* 2-5 daysafter exposure

Symptoms

In men

• White, yellow or green urethral discharge (pus-like)

• Pain in the testicles or scrotum

• Painful or frequent urination

• Anal discharge, itching pain, bleeding

• Itching, difficulty in swallowing swollen neck lymph nodes

• Eye pain, light sensitivity

• Eye discharge (pus-like)

• Red, swollen warm, painful joints

In women

• Painful sexual intercourse

• Fever

• Yellow or green vaginal discharge

• Vulval swelling

• Bleeding in between periods

• Heavier periods

• Bleeding after intercourse

• Vomiting, abdominal or pelvic pain Painful or frequent urination

Diagnosis

* Nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT)

* Culture

* Gram stain of urine sediment

Complications

In women

* Pelvic inflammatory disease

* Ectopic pregnancy

* Chronic pelvic pain

* Infertility

In men

* Epididymitis (in men)

* Arthritis

* Tenpsynovitis

* Dermatitis

Management

* Antibiotics (Cefltriazxone, ozithromuuin)

* Abstaining from sexual intercourse

* Eye ointment for eye infection

Preventive measures

* Safe sex practice

* Having sex with mutually monogamous, unaffected partner

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