HIV and AIDS, Transmission of HIV, Symptoms of HIV and Aids

HIV is a virus that damages the immune systems, which helps the body to off infection.

Causative organism

* Human immuno deficiency virus

Incubation period

* Between 2 weeks to months, or longer

*Through Body

Transmission of HIV

* Body Fluids

* Blood

* Breast milk

* Semen

* Vaginal and rectal fluids

* Sharing needles or Syringes.

F Sharing tattoo equipment

* During pregnancy from mother to baby

* Through (pre –mastication) chewing baby’s food before feeding to them

HIV not spread through skin-to skin contact, hugging, shaking hands, kissing, sharing food, dung, sharing toilets or bedding, clothing and not through insects.


* Dry , flaky skin (xeroderma)

* Chronic fatigue

* Fever that comes and goes (pyrexia)

* Heavy night sweets

* Rapid weight loss

* Swollen lymph nodes

* While spots on tongue, mouth, throat

* Recurrent or chronic diarrhoea

* Anxiety and depression


* Antibody /Antigen test (After18-45days after exposure of HIV

* Antibody Test (23 and 90 days after transmission)

* Nucleic acid test

* HIV screening


* Antiretroviral therapy, its grouped into six classes

* NRTIs (nucleoside reverse trans criptase inhibitors

NNRTIs (non-nucleoside reverse trans criptase inhibitors

* Protease inhibitors

* Fusion inhibitions

* CCR5 Antagonists

* Integrase stand transfer inhibitionsHIV-Prevention

* Get tested for HIV

* Limit sexual partners

* Avoid sharing needless

* Stay away from drugs

* Avoid blood contact

* Practice safe sex

* Take action if you have exposed to HIV

Related posts

Skin Bank, What is Skin Banking, criteria for Donating Skin, skin donations


20 ways to live healthier life, Common Control Measures of Communicable diseases, Diseases spreading awareness


What is Hypertension, What is BP, What happen on Hyper tension or High Blood pressure, What causes hypertension and High Blood pressure


Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: