Nursing

Influenza or Flu, airborne diseases, Symptoms of flu,treatment of flu, prevention from flu,

Influenza

It is an seasonal disease, caused by an virus which leads to respiratory illness flu is highly contagious and is normally spread by the cough and sneeze of an infected person.

Causative organism

Influenza A and Influenza B – Cause seasonal Epidemics

Influenza c – Cause mild respiratory illness

Incubation period

* 1 to 4 days

Symptoms

Flu and cold symptoms may look same with runny and blocked nose, sore throat and cough but some symptoms of flu are different from a heavy cold.

* Cough

* High Temperature

* Sore throat

* Head ache

* Cold sweats and shivers

* Body aches

* Fatigue, Feeling exhausted

* In some cases nausea, vomiting & diarrhea also common

Management

* Antibiotics

* Antivirals

* Painkillers

* Avoid crowded place

* Stay at home

* Consume plenty of liquids

Risk factors

The risk and complications are higher in certain people

* Pregnant women

* Babies and young children

* The individuals with cardiovascular disease

* The people with asthma or bronchitis

* The low immune system function

Preventive measures

* Nasal – spray flu vaccine

*Seasonal flu shot

– Influenza (H3 N2 )Virus

-Influenza (H1 N2) Virus

* One B virus – The protection begins about 2 weeks after receiving the vaccination.

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