A non-woven fabric is made by using heat and resin on short fibres, thereby creating a structure for the short fibres. They are materials that do not have a fibre network by randomly laid technique. One cannot see the warp and weft threads laced or looped like a weaving or knitting. In order to check if the sample is a non-woven material, the sample can be given pressure and it can be observed that it can tear like a paper. For example, we can think of the tissue paper given in hotel or the sanitary napkins centre part. On scratching the surface of the fabric, the short fibres, will tend to come away with the fingers. This behavior can be observed on a felted craft paper and bindi that is kept by women. By conducting such small tests, we can identify the non-woven fabric.
Methods of Printing- block Printing- block printing Advantages and disadvantages- Roller printing- Roller printing advantage and disadvantage- what is Stencil Printing- stencil printing advantage and disadvantage-what is screen printing
Block Printing Block printing is the ancient method of printing designs on the textile material by hand. It is the simplest of the printing methods. In this method, the desired design is carved on a wooden or metal block. The fabric is pinned on a table which is firm, strong and withstands the pressure of […]
After Treatment Processes of Printed Fabrics- what is Steaming- what is Washing Off – washing off advantage and disadvantage- what are the different styles of Printing- what is print Fabrics- what are the steps of textile printing
After printing, the fabrics are dried to retain the printed design. It is an essential step to avoid staining of unprinted areas. It prevents bleeding of print paste from the design areas. Drying is followed by steaming which transfer the pigment from print paste to the fabric. Steaming In ageing or steaming process, the dyes […]
This is the term that explains the direction in which the fabric is woven. It determines greatly by the way the fabric falls on the object or the wearer. Understanding the grain helps in minimising the wastage and to create interesting fullness effects on the garment. Grain refers to the alignment of warp and weft […]