Organic farming is a system of agricultural production which relies on animal manure, organic waste, crop rotation,legumes and biological pest control. It avoids use of synthetic fertilizer, pesticides and livestock additives. Organic inputs have certain benefits, such as enriching soil for microbes.
Organic production is a holistic system
designed to optimize the productivity and fitness of diverse communities within the
agro-ecosystem, including soil organisms,
plants, livestock and people. The principal
goal of organic production is to develop
enterprises that are sustainable and
harmonious with environment. The general principles of organic farming are:
1. Protect the environment, minimize soil degradation and erosion, decrease pollution, optimize biological productivity and promote a sound state of health.
2. Maintain long-term soil fertility by
optimizing conditions for biological activity within the soil
3. Maintain biological diversity within the
4. Recycle materials and resources to
the greatest extent possible within the
enterprise. 5. Provide attentive care that promotes the
health and meets the behavioural needs of
livestock 6. Prepare organic products, emphasizing
careful processing, and handling methods
in order to maintain the organic integrity
and vital qualities of the products at all
stages of production.
7. Rely on renewable resources in locally
organized agricultural systems.
Tree Plantation :
Trees contribute to their environment
by providing oxygen, improving air quality,
climate amelioration, conserving water,
preserving soil and supporting wildlife.
During the process of photosynthesis, trees
take in carbon dioxide and produce the oxygen we breathe. So trees are considered
to be the lungs of the earth. Natural forests
and tree plantations improve the water cycle
in diminishing runoff and improving the
replenishment of the water table.
A seed ball (or seed bomb) is a seed that
has been wrapped in soil materials, usually a
mixture of clay and compost, and then dried.
Essentially, the seed is ‘pre-planted’ and can
be sown by depositing the seed ball anywhere
suitable for the species, keeping the seed
safely until the proper germination window
arises. Seed balls are an easy and sustainable
way to cultivate plants that provide a larger
window of time when the sowing can occur.