What is Osteoporosis, Low bone mass and Bone tissue disease, Causes of Osteoporosis, signs and symptoms of Osteoporosis


Osteoporosis is a disease characterised by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue, which can lead to increased risk of fracture.

Risk factors

* Genetics

* Lack of exercise

* Lack of calcium and vitamin D3

* Diet calcium / vitamin D deficiency

* Osteoporosis means “porous bones”

Signs and Symptoms

* Pain

* Height loss or dull pain in the bones or muscles

* Swelling

* Redness

* Limited movement


Osteoporosis is a reduction in skeletal mass caused by an imbalance between bone reabsorption and bone formation. A change in either that is increased bone reabsorption or decreased bone formation may result is osteoporosis.


* Blood: Test Calcium & Phosphorus


* X–ray

Causes of Osteoporosis

* Low calcium diet

* Lack of physical activity

* Family history

* Women are more likely to develop osteoposis

* Hypercalciuria

* Anticonvulsant medications

* Hyperthyroidism

* Hyper parathyroidism

* Neoplastic disease – cancer


* Medication – vitamins and calcium

* Dietary supplements

* Weight bearing exercises

Related posts

Pneumonia, signs and symptoms of pneumonia, causes of pneumonia, complications and risk factors of pneumonia


COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), COPD causes and Symptoms, Nursing Management in COPD


HIV and AIDS, Transmission of HIV, Symptoms of HIV and Aids


Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: