DISEASES OF COTTON – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Fusarium Wilt Fusarium oxysporium f.sp.vasinfectum Verticilium Wilt Verticillium dahliae Grey mildew or Areolate mildew Ramularia areola Root rot Rhizoctonia bataticola Anthracnose Colletotrichum capsici and Glomerella gossipii Leaf…

DISEASES OF SUNFLOWER – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Rust Puccinia helianthi Leaf blight Alternaria helianthi Root rot or charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina Head rot Rhizopus nigricans 1. RUST – Puccinia helianthi Symptoms Small, reddish brown…

DISEASES OF GROUND NUT – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Tikka early leaf spot Cercospora arachidicola Tikka late leaf spot Phaeoisariopsis personata Rust Puccinia arachidis Crown rot / Collar rot Aspergillus niger and A. flavus Dry root…

DISEASES OF RED GRAM / PIEGON PEA – Agricultural study materials

1.  WILT – Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. udum Symptoms The characteristic symptoms of the diseases are yellowing and dropping of leaves followed by drying of the plant and dark – streaks…

Diseases Of Maize Plant – Study material

DISEASES OF MAIZE DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Downey mildew / Crazy top Peronosclerospora sorghi, P.philipenensis Charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina Head smut Sphacelotheca reiliana Leaf blight Helminthosporium maydis Rust Puccinia sorghi 1.…

Disease of Barley Plant – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES OF BARLEY DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Leaf rust Puccinia hordei Stem rust Puccinia graminis f.sp. secalis Stripe rust Puccinia striiformis Covered smut Ustilago hordei Loose smut Ustilago nuda Powdery mildew…

Pest Affecting moringa, drumstick tree, horseradish tree, and ben oil tree or benzolive tree – Free Study Material

MORINGA Moringa oleifera is a plant that is often called the drumstick tree, the miracle tree, the ben oil tree, or the horseradish tree. Moringa has been used for centuries due to its…

PEST IN CUCURBITATIOUS VEGETABLES – CUCUMBER, WATERMELONS, SQUASH AND PUMPKIN, GUARDS – Free Online Studymaterial

family of chiefly herbaceous tendril-bearing vines (order Campanulales) that are characterized by an inferior ovary and anthers usually united and that include food plants (as the cucumber, melon, squash, and…

Pest Affecting Tomoto Production – Free Online Agri Studymaterial

TOMATO Fruit borer Helicoverpa armigera (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) It is a major pest of tomato. Main hosts are gram, cotton, citrus, indigo, cowpea, groundnut, linseed, sunflower, bhendi, chilli, millets, tobacco, etc. …

Pest Affecting Brinjal Production – Free Online Agri Studymaterial

BRINJAL Shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) Leucinodes orbonalis is the most important and destructive pest of brinjal. It starts damaging brinjal plant, few weeks after transplantation.  Larva…

PESTS ON GROUNDNUT – free online study material

Aphid, Aphis craccivora     Hemiptera, Aphididae They are small-sized insects (2 mm long), pear shaped, green, greenish brown or greenish black in colour. Adults are mostly wingless but few winged…

PEST ON STORED PRODUCTS – Pest Control Identification study materials

RICE WEEVIL Sitophilus oryzae (Family: Curculionidae, order: Coleoptera) It is a small weevil about 3 millimeters in length with head protruded into a down ward snout like structure and reddish…

PESTS OF TEA – Pest Control on Tea production – free Studymaterial

PESTS OF TEA Tea mosquito bug, Helopeltis theivora  Miridae – Hemiptera Adults and nymphs suck the sap from buds, young leaves and tender stems by puncturing the plant tissues with…

Pest Affecting Cardomom and Betelvine – Pest control Studymaterial

CARDAMOM Shoot/panicle/capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) It is a serious pest of nurseries in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Alternate hosts are castor, turmeric, guava, mulberry etc. Larvae bore…

Pest Affect in Pepper Production – Pest control in pepper

PEPPER Pollu beetle, Longitarsus nigripennis  (Alticidae: Coleoptera) This is the most important pest in West coast area. It causes 30 to 40 percent loss in yield of pepper. Grub feeds…

Pest In ONION and GARLIC – Pest affecting Onion and Garlic – Pest Studymaterial

Onion Onion Thrips,Thrips tabaci  (Thripidae: Thysanoptera) It is a major cosmopolitan thrips injurious to onion and garlic. Nymphs and adults remain in dense at leaf bases and whorls of onion…

Pests on Chillies, Turmeric and Ginger

PESTS ON SPICES AND CONDIMENTS CHILLIES Chilli thrips Scirtothrips dorsalis (Thripidae: Thysanoptera) Thrips cause severe damage in areas where chilli is cultivated as a dry crop. It also attacks on…

Pests On Cotton – Pest Affects the cotton – Study material

PESTS ON COTTONCotton Aphid,  Aphis gossypii (Aphididae : Hemiptera) World wide, potential pest – Highly polyphagous, wider host range  Nymphs and adults desap on young crop in colonies. Tender leaves…

SugarCane Pests – Study About Pest – Sugarcane production – Free Study guide

PESTS ON SUGARCANEEarly shoot borer – Chilo infuscatellus (Crambidae: Lepidoptera) P refer 1-3 months old crop. Caterpillar enters the stem by making holes above the ground level.  Formation of “dead…

Pest On CITRUS fruits – Lemon, Orange, etc – Free Online Studymaterial

CITRUS Lime tree borer or orange borers Chelidonium cinctum (Cerambycidae: Coleoptera) This is a major and highly destructive pest in South India.  Wilting of twigs and stems, gum exudations and…

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