Agri Diseases

DISEASES OF COTTON – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Fusarium Wilt Fusarium oxysporium f.sp.vasinfectum Verticilium Wilt Verticillium dahliae Grey mildew or Areolate mildew Ramularia areola Root rot Rhizoctonia bataticola Anthracnose Colletotrichum capsici and Glomerella gossipii Leaf blight Alternaria macrospora Boll rot -Complex disease F.monoliforme, C.capsici, A.flavus, A.niger Stenosis or Small leaf Phytoplasma (Mycoplasma like organism) Bacterial blight Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum […]

Agri Diseases

DISEASES OF SUNFLOWER – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Rust Puccinia helianthi Leaf blight Alternaria helianthi Root rot or charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina Head rot Rhizopus nigricans 1. RUST – Puccinia helianthi Symptoms Small, reddish brown pustules (uredia) covered with rusty dust appear on the lower surface of bottom leaves. In severe infection, numerous pustules appear on leaves leading to yellowing […]

Agri Diseases

DISEASES OF GINGELLY OR SESAME – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Leaf blight Alternaria sesami Leaf spot or white spot Cercospora sesami Leaf and stem blight Phytophthora parasitica var sesami Root rot or charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina Wilt Fusarium oxysporium f.sp.sesami Powdery mildew Erisiphe cichoracearum Bacterial blight Xanthomonas campestris pv.sesami  Bacterial leaf spot Pseudomonas sesami Leaf curl Nicotiana virus Phyllody Mycoplasma – like […]

Agri Diseases

DISEASES OF PULSES – Agricultural study materials

Common Pulse Diseases COMMON DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Dry root rot Macrophomina phaseolina Leaf spot Cercospora canescens Powdery mildew Erysiphe polygoni Rust Uromyces phaseoli-typica Anthracnose Colletotrichum lindemuthianum Bacterial blight Xanthomonas phaseoli Yellow mosaic Yellow mosaic virus Leaf crinkle Leaf crinkle virus RED GRAM / PIEGON PEA Wilt Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. udum Stem blight Phytophthora drechsleri f.sp. […]

Agri Diseases

Diseases of Cumbu, Pearl, Millet, Bajra – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES OF CUMBU/PEARL MILLET/BAJRA DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Downy mildew or green ear Sclerospora graminicola Ergot or sugary disease Claviceps fusiformis Smut Tolyposporium penicillariae Rust Puccinia penniseti 1. DOWNY MILDEW/GREEN EAR – Sclerospora graminicola Symptoms The first symptom appears in seedlings at 3-4 leaf stage. Affected leaves show patches of light green to light yellow colour […]


Diseases Of Maize Plant – Study material

DISEASES OF MAIZE DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Downey mildew / Crazy top Peronosclerospora sorghi, P.philipenensis Charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina Head smut Sphacelotheca reiliana Leaf blight Helminthosporium maydis Rust Puccinia sorghi 1. DOWNY MILDEW OR CRAZY TOP- Peronosclerospora sorgi Symptoms The development of chlorotic streaks appears on the leaves and plants exhibit stunted and bushy appearance. White […]

Agri Diseases Uncategorized

Diseases of Wheat – Free Online Studymaterial

DISEASES OF WHEAT DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Black / Stem rust Puccinia graminis tritici Leaf / brown / orange rust Puccinia recondita Yellow / stripe rust Puccinia striiformis Loose smut Ustilago nuda tritici Flag smut Urocystis agropyri Rough spore bunt / stinking bunt Tilletia caries Smooth spored bunt Tilletia foetida Kernal bunt Neovassia indica Powdery mildew […]

Agri Diseases

DISEASES OF RICE – Fungal, Bactorial and virus diseases – Online Studymaterial

Important diseases of rice DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM FUNGAL DISEASES Blast Pyricularia oryzae Brown spot or Sesame leaf spot Bipolaris oryzae (Helminthosporium oryzae) Sheath blight Rhizoctonia solani Sheath rot Sarocladium oryzae Narrow brown leaf spot Cercospora janseana Stem rot Sclerotium oryzae Foot rot or Bakanae disease Fusarium moniliforme False smut Ustilaginoidea virens Udbatta disease Ephelis oryzae […]


Pests On Tuber Crops – Potato, sweet potato – Insects study materials

PESTS ON TUBER CROPS POTATO Cutworms,    Noctuidae: Lepidoptera Common cutworm,     Agrotis segetum  Black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon  Spotted cutworm, Xestia C-nigrum  Variegated cutworm, Peridroma saucia Feed on foliage Cut tender stem Larvae remain in soil Larva dark brown in colour  Pupates inside the soil Adult – brown fore wings with spots and markings Potato […]


Pest Affecting moringa, drumstick tree, horseradish tree, and ben oil tree or benzolive tree – Free Study Material

MORINGA Moringa oleifera is a plant that is often called the drumstick tree, the miracle tree, the ben oil tree, or the horseradish tree. Moringa has been used for centuries due to its medicinal properties and health benefits. It also has antifungal, antiviral, antidepressant, and anti-inflammatory properties.Pod fly Gitona distigma (Drosophilidae: Diptera) Aematurely and full-fed caterpillars come out […]


Pest Affecting Brinjal Production – Free Online Agri Studymaterial

BRINJAL Shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) Leucinodes orbonalis is the most important and destructive pest of brinjal. It starts damaging brinjal plant, few weeks after transplantation.  Larva bores into tender shoots and causes withering of terminal shoots or dead hearts.  It also bores into petioles of leaves, flower buds and developing fruits […]


PESTS ON GROUNDNUT – free online study material

Aphid, Aphis craccivora     Hemiptera, Aphididae They are small-sized insects (2 mm long), pear shaped, green, greenish brown or greenish black in colour. Adults are mostly wingless but few winged forms also seen. It has 12-14 generations per year  Nymphs and adults suck sap from tender growing shoots, flowers, causing stunting and distortion of the […]



BELLADONA Cut worm, Agrotis flammetra (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera)  Leaf feeder, Archipsinca ceana SENNA Green leaf eating caterpillar, Catopsilia pyranthe Pierdae Lepidoptera Pod borer, Etiella zinckenella Phycitidae Lepidoptera  LONG PEPPER Mealy bug, Dysmicoccus sp. (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera)  Tea mosquito bug, Helopeltis theivora (Miridae: Hemiptera)  MEDICINAL YAMS Aphids, Aphids gossypii, Pentalonia nigronervosa (Aphididae: Hemiptera)  Red spider mite, Tetranychus sp […]