Agri Diseases

Diseases of Cumbu, Pearl, Millet, Bajra – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES OF CUMBU/PEARL MILLET/BAJRA DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Downy mildew or green ear Sclerospora graminicola Ergot or sugary disease Claviceps fusiformis Smut Tolyposporium penicillariae Rust Puccinia penniseti 1. DOWNY MILDEW/GREEN EAR – Sclerospora graminicola Symptoms The first symptom appears in seedlings at 3-4 leaf stage. Affected leaves show patches of light green to light yellow colour […]


Pest Affecting Tomoto Production – Free Online Agri Studymaterial

TOMATO Fruit borer Helicoverpa armigera (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) It is a major pest of tomato. Main hosts are gram, cotton, citrus, indigo, cowpea, groundnut, linseed, sunflower, bhendi, chilli, millets, tobacco, etc.  Young larvae feed on tender foliage and full-grown caterpillars attack fruits.  They make circular boreholes and thrust their head inside fruit and eat inner contents.  […]


Pest Affecting Brinjal Production – Free Online Agri Studymaterial

BRINJAL Shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) Leucinodes orbonalis is the most important and destructive pest of brinjal. It starts damaging brinjal plant, few weeks after transplantation.  Larva bores into tender shoots and causes withering of terminal shoots or dead hearts.  It also bores into petioles of leaves, flower buds and developing fruits […]


PESTS ON GROUNDNUT – free online study material

Aphid, Aphis craccivora     Hemiptera, Aphididae They are small-sized insects (2 mm long), pear shaped, green, greenish brown or greenish black in colour. Adults are mostly wingless but few winged forms also seen. It has 12-14 generations per year  Nymphs and adults suck sap from tender growing shoots, flowers, causing stunting and distortion of the […]



BELLADONA Cut worm, Agrotis flammetra (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera)  Leaf feeder, Archipsinca ceana SENNA Green leaf eating caterpillar, Catopsilia pyranthe Pierdae Lepidoptera Pod borer, Etiella zinckenella Phycitidae Lepidoptera  LONG PEPPER Mealy bug, Dysmicoccus sp. (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera)  Tea mosquito bug, Helopeltis theivora (Miridae: Hemiptera)  MEDICINAL YAMS Aphids, Aphids gossypii, Pentalonia nigronervosa (Aphididae: Hemiptera)  Red spider mite, Tetranychus sp […]


Pest Affecting Cardomom and Betelvine – Pest control Studymaterial

CARDAMOM Shoot/panicle/capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) It is a serious pest of nurseries in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Alternate hosts are castor, turmeric, guava, mulberry etc. Larvae bore in to pseudostem of seedlings and feed on nursery plants and young tillers in plantation.  Infestation is indicated by the presence of entry holes plugged […]


Pest In ONION and GARLIC – Pest affecting Onion and Garlic – Pest Studymaterial

Onion Onion Thrips,Thrips tabaci  (Thripidae: Thysanoptera) It is a major cosmopolitan thrips injurious to onion and garlic. Nymphs and adults remain in dense at leaf bases and whorls of onion and feed by lacerating the tissues and imbibing the oozing cell sap.  Infested onion develops a spotted appearance on the leaves; subsequently turning into pale […]


Pests on Chillies, Turmeric and Ginger

PESTS ON SPICES AND CONDIMENTS CHILLIES Chilli thrips Scirtothrips dorsalis (Thripidae: Thysanoptera) Thrips cause severe damage in areas where chilli is cultivated as a dry crop. It also attacks on tea, acacia, prosopis, castor, cotton, mango, onion, groundnut, pomegranate, pulses, brinjal grape vine, Citrus sp. and numerous weeds.  Both nymphs and adults lacerate leaf tissues […]


SugarCane Pests – Study About Pest – Sugarcane production – Free Study guide

PESTS ON SUGARCANEEarly shoot borer – Chilo infuscatellus (Crambidae: Lepidoptera) P refer 1-3 months old crop. Caterpillar enters the stem by making holes above the ground level.  Formation of “dead heart” is the symptom. Affected plants can be easily pulled out. Rotten portion of the dead heart emits an offensive odour. High temperature, low humidity, […]

Agricultural Study Materials Insects

Pest On Pulses – Agricultural studies

PESTS ON PULSES Gram pod borer –Helicoverpa armigera    Noctuidae: Lepidoptera It is a serious pest of chickpea, pigeonpea, pea, mungbean, urd bean, lentil, soybean, cowpea, cotton, sorghum, okra, maize, tomato, bhendi and sunflower. Larva – polyphagous  Feed on the foliage, when young and on the seed in later stages with their body hanging outside. A […]

Agri manufacturing Agricultural Study Materials Uncategorized

Pest Affecting fruits – Banana, Apple, Grapes, Fig, Tamarind, Papaya, star goosberry, custard apple, pear, peach and plum

BANANA Rhizome weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Curculionidae: Coleoptera) It is a major pest of banana. Adult is a stout, reddish brown weevil.  Grub is apodous and yellowish with reddish head. Grub bores into rhizome and tunnels within it. Pupates within a chamber made near the outer surface of rhizome.  Adult also tunnels within stem feeding on […]