Agri Diseases

DISEASES OF CASTOR – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Seedling blight Phytophthora parasitica Rust Melampsora ricini Leaf blight Alternaria ricini Brown leaf spot Cercospora ricinicola Bacterial leaf blight Xanthomonas campestris pv. ricini 1. SEDLING BLIGHT – Phytophthora parasitica Symptoms The disease appears as circular, dull green patch on both the surface of the cotyledonary leaves. Later it spreads and cause rotting. […]


Diseases Of Sorghum Plant – Agricultural study material

DISEASES OF SORGHUM DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Charcoal rot Macrophomina phaseolina Downy mildew / leaf shredding Perenosclerospora sorghi Rust Puccinia purpurea Grain smut / kernal smut / covered smut Sporisorium sorghi Loose smut Sporisorium cruenta Long smut Tolyposporium ehrenbergii Head smut Sporisorium reiliana Ergot / sugary disease Claviceps sorghi Leaf blight Helminthosporium turcicum Rectangular leaf spot […]


Pest Affecting moringa, drumstick tree, horseradish tree, and ben oil tree or benzolive tree – Free Study Material

MORINGA Moringa oleifera is a plant that is often called the drumstick tree, the miracle tree, the ben oil tree, or the horseradish tree. Moringa has been used for centuries due to its medicinal properties and health benefits. It also has antifungal, antiviral, antidepressant, and anti-inflammatory properties.Pod fly Gitona distigma (Drosophilidae: Diptera) Aematurely and full-fed caterpillars come out […]



family of chiefly herbaceous tendril-bearing vines (order Campanulales) that are characterized by an inferior ovary and anthers usually united and that include food plants (as the cucumber, melon, squash, and pumpkin), drug plants (as the colocynth), and ornamental plants (as the gourds) Fruit flies (Tephritidae: Diptera) Bactrocera dorsalis:  Adult is a reddish-brown fly with lemon-yellow […]


Pest Affecting Brinjal Production – Free Online Agri Studymaterial

BRINJAL Shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) Leucinodes orbonalis is the most important and destructive pest of brinjal. It starts damaging brinjal plant, few weeks after transplantation.  Larva bores into tender shoots and causes withering of terminal shoots or dead hearts.  It also bores into petioles of leaves, flower buds and developing fruits […]


Pest or Insects Affecting Coffee Production – Types of pest Affecting the Coffee – Free Study Material

PESTS OF COFFEE White stem borer Xylotrechus quadripes Cerambycidae: Coleoptera White stem borer is the most serious pest of Arabica coffee in India.  Alternate host plants include Robusta tree coffee, teak, Oleadioica etc. However, borer usually does not breed in these plants.  Adult is slender and 2.5 cm long beetle. Forewings are black with white […]


Pest Affecting Cardomom and Betelvine – Pest control Studymaterial

CARDAMOM Shoot/panicle/capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) It is a serious pest of nurseries in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Alternate hosts are castor, turmeric, guava, mulberry etc. Larvae bore in to pseudostem of seedlings and feed on nursery plants and young tillers in plantation.  Infestation is indicated by the presence of entry holes plugged […]


SugarCane Pests – Study About Pest – Sugarcane production – Free Study guide

PESTS ON SUGARCANEEarly shoot borer – Chilo infuscatellus (Crambidae: Lepidoptera) P refer 1-3 months old crop. Caterpillar enters the stem by making holes above the ground level.  Formation of “dead heart” is the symptom. Affected plants can be easily pulled out. Rotten portion of the dead heart emits an offensive odour. High temperature, low humidity, […]


Pest on Mango – What are all the Pest Affects mango production – Mango production, Cultivation

MANGO Mango hoppers Idioscopus clypealis, I. niveosparsus, Amritodes atkinsoni      (Cicadellidae: Hemiptera) Hoppers are the most destructive pests of mango. Hoppers are active throughout the year, but abundant during hot months of May to June and cold months of October to January, synchronizing with flowering of mango trees. When inflorescence appears, hoppers start laying […]

Agricultural Study Materials Insects

Pest On Pulses – Agricultural studies

PESTS ON PULSES Gram pod borer –Helicoverpa armigera    Noctuidae: Lepidoptera It is a serious pest of chickpea, pigeonpea, pea, mungbean, urd bean, lentil, soybean, cowpea, cotton, sorghum, okra, maize, tomato, bhendi and sunflower. Larva – polyphagous  Feed on the foliage, when young and on the seed in later stages with their body hanging outside. A […]

Agri manufacturing Agricultural Study Materials Uncategorized

Pest Affecting fruits – Banana, Apple, Grapes, Fig, Tamarind, Papaya, star goosberry, custard apple, pear, peach and plum

BANANA Rhizome weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Curculionidae: Coleoptera) It is a major pest of banana. Adult is a stout, reddish brown weevil.  Grub is apodous and yellowish with reddish head. Grub bores into rhizome and tunnels within it. Pupates within a chamber made near the outer surface of rhizome.  Adult also tunnels within stem feeding on […]

Agri manufacturing

PEST Affecting the Fruits – GUAVA, BER, JACK AND PINEAPPLE – Pest Studymaterial

GUAVA Tea mosquito bug Helopeltis antonii (Miridae: Hemiptera) Fruit borer/ Castor capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) Guava fruit flies Bactrocera diversus (Tephritidae: Diptera) Whiteflies, Aleurotuberculatus psidii (Aleyrodidae: Hemiptera) Aphids, Aphis gossypii (Aphididae: Hemiptera) Mealy bugs, Coccus viridis and Ferrisia virgata (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Guava scales Chloropulvinaria psidii (Diaspididae: Hemiptera) Bark borer, Indarbela tetraonis (Metarbelidae: Lepidoptera) […]

Agricultural Study Materials Insects

WHAT IS PEST ON MILLETS – Study About Pest Affects Millets

Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world.The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa.Finger millet, proso millet, and foxtail millet are also important crop species In India, various alcoholic beverages are produced from millets.[31] Millet is also the base ingredient for the […]

Agri manufacturing Agricultural Study Materials Uncategorized

PEST ON WHEAT – Pest Affects Wheat Production-Free Study Guide pest control

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is an important cereal crop cultivated all over the world and consumed by nearly 35% of the world population. It harbours nearly two dozen of insects; among them only half a dozen of insect pests, like aphids, termites, army worm, pink stem borer, pod borer and Ghujhia weevil, attain the major pest […]