Agri Diseases

DISEASES OF JATROPHA – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Root rot Macrophomina phaseolina Powdery mildew Oidium sp. Leaf spots   Alternaria sp. Cassava Mosaic Disease (CMD)  Cassava mosaic gemini virus (CMG) 1. Root rot – Macrophomina phaseolina Symptom Symptoms include yellowing of foliage, reduced leaf size, and eventual death of the plant due to root rot. The affected tissues show shredding of […]

Agri Diseases

DISEASES OF LINSEED – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Rust Melamspora lini Wilt Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lini Powdery mildew Oidium lini Alternaria leaf spot Alternaria lini Septoria leaf spot Mycosphaerella linorum 1. Rust –Melamspora lini Symptoms The rust may attack all the aerial parts of the plant including the capsules. Diseased plants produce bright orange uredo pustules on both surfaces of […]


Disease of Barley Plant – Agricultural study materials

DISEASES OF BARLEY DISEASES CAUSAL ORGANISM Leaf rust Puccinia hordei Stem rust Puccinia graminis f.sp. secalis Stripe rust Puccinia striiformis Covered smut Ustilago hordei Loose smut Ustilago nuda Powdery mildew Erysiphe graminis f.sp. hordei Bacterial leaf blight Pseudomonas syringae pv. Syringae Barley stripe mosaic Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV) 1. Stem rust — Puccinia graminis […]


Pests On Tuber Crops – Potato, sweet potato – Insects study materials

PESTS ON TUBER CROPS POTATO Cutworms,    Noctuidae: Lepidoptera Common cutworm,     Agrotis segetum  Black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon  Spotted cutworm, Xestia C-nigrum  Variegated cutworm, Peridroma saucia Feed on foliage Cut tender stem Larvae remain in soil Larva dark brown in colour  Pupates inside the soil Adult – brown fore wings with spots and markings Potato […]


Pest Affecting moringa, drumstick tree, horseradish tree, and ben oil tree or benzolive tree – Free Study Material

MORINGA Moringa oleifera is a plant that is often called the drumstick tree, the miracle tree, the ben oil tree, or the horseradish tree. Moringa has been used for centuries due to its medicinal properties and health benefits. It also has antifungal, antiviral, antidepressant, and anti-inflammatory properties.Pod fly Gitona distigma (Drosophilidae: Diptera) Aematurely and full-fed caterpillars come out […]


Pest Affecting Cruciferous vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, kale, garden cress, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels – Free Online Studymaterial

CRUCIFEROUS VEGETABLES Cruciferous vegetables are vegetables of the family Brassicaceae (also called Cruciferae) with many genera, species, and cultivars being raised for food production such as cauliflower, cabbage, kale, garden cress, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels sprouts and similar green leaf vegetables. The family takes its alternative name (Cruciferae, New Latin for “cross-bearing”) from the shape […]


Pest Affecting Brinjal Production – Free Online Agri Studymaterial

BRINJAL Shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) Leucinodes orbonalis is the most important and destructive pest of brinjal. It starts damaging brinjal plant, few weeks after transplantation.  Larva bores into tender shoots and causes withering of terminal shoots or dead hearts.  It also bores into petioles of leaves, flower buds and developing fruits […]


Pest or Insects Affecting Coffee Production – Types of pest Affecting the Coffee – Free Study Material

PESTS OF COFFEE White stem borer Xylotrechus quadripes Cerambycidae: Coleoptera White stem borer is the most serious pest of Arabica coffee in India.  Alternate host plants include Robusta tree coffee, teak, Oleadioica etc. However, borer usually does not breed in these plants.  Adult is slender and 2.5 cm long beetle. Forewings are black with white […]


Pest Affecting Cardomom and Betelvine – Pest control Studymaterial

CARDAMOM Shoot/panicle/capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) It is a serious pest of nurseries in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Alternate hosts are castor, turmeric, guava, mulberry etc. Larvae bore in to pseudostem of seedlings and feed on nursery plants and young tillers in plantation.  Infestation is indicated by the presence of entry holes plugged […]


Pest In ONION and GARLIC – Pest affecting Onion and Garlic – Pest Studymaterial

Onion Onion Thrips,Thrips tabaci  (Thripidae: Thysanoptera) It is a major cosmopolitan thrips injurious to onion and garlic. Nymphs and adults remain in dense at leaf bases and whorls of onion and feed by lacerating the tissues and imbibing the oozing cell sap.  Infested onion develops a spotted appearance on the leaves; subsequently turning into pale […]


Pests on Chillies, Turmeric and Ginger

PESTS ON SPICES AND CONDIMENTS CHILLIES Chilli thrips Scirtothrips dorsalis (Thripidae: Thysanoptera) Thrips cause severe damage in areas where chilli is cultivated as a dry crop. It also attacks on tea, acacia, prosopis, castor, cotton, mango, onion, groundnut, pomegranate, pulses, brinjal grape vine, Citrus sp. and numerous weeds.  Both nymphs and adults lacerate leaf tissues […]


SugarCane Pests – Study About Pest – Sugarcane production – Free Study guide

PESTS ON SUGARCANEEarly shoot borer – Chilo infuscatellus (Crambidae: Lepidoptera) P refer 1-3 months old crop. Caterpillar enters the stem by making holes above the ground level.  Formation of “dead heart” is the symptom. Affected plants can be easily pulled out. Rotten portion of the dead heart emits an offensive odour. High temperature, low humidity, […]


Pest on Mango – What are all the Pest Affects mango production – Mango production, Cultivation

MANGO Mango hoppers Idioscopus clypealis, I. niveosparsus, Amritodes atkinsoni      (Cicadellidae: Hemiptera) Hoppers are the most destructive pests of mango. Hoppers are active throughout the year, but abundant during hot months of May to June and cold months of October to January, synchronizing with flowering of mango trees. When inflorescence appears, hoppers start laying […]

Agri manufacturing Agricultural Study Materials Uncategorized

Pest Affecting fruits – Banana, Apple, Grapes, Fig, Tamarind, Papaya, star goosberry, custard apple, pear, peach and plum

BANANA Rhizome weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Curculionidae: Coleoptera) It is a major pest of banana. Adult is a stout, reddish brown weevil.  Grub is apodous and yellowish with reddish head. Grub bores into rhizome and tunnels within it. Pupates within a chamber made near the outer surface of rhizome.  Adult also tunnels within stem feeding on […]

Agri manufacturing

PEST Affecting the Fruits – GUAVA, BER, JACK AND PINEAPPLE – Pest Studymaterial

GUAVA Tea mosquito bug Helopeltis antonii (Miridae: Hemiptera) Fruit borer/ Castor capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis (Pyraustidae: Lepidoptera) Guava fruit flies Bactrocera diversus (Tephritidae: Diptera) Whiteflies, Aleurotuberculatus psidii (Aleyrodidae: Hemiptera) Aphids, Aphis gossypii (Aphididae: Hemiptera) Mealy bugs, Coccus viridis and Ferrisia virgata (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Guava scales Chloropulvinaria psidii (Diaspididae: Hemiptera) Bark borer, Indarbela tetraonis (Metarbelidae: Lepidoptera) […]