Tetanus Infection ,Damage Nervous system and Muscle, Symptoms of Tetanus infection


Tetanus is caused by the infection of wounds by bacterium Clostridium tetani, which produces toxin that damages the ner-vous system and muscles

Causative organism:

* Bacterium Clostridium Tetani

Incubation period

* 3–21 days

Signs and symptoms

* Muscle rigidity

* Lockjaw an inability to open the mouth wide
* Firmness of the Abdominal muscles
* Painful muscle spasm
* Cardiac arrhythmia
* High blood pressure


* Diagnosis is entirely clinical

* Clostridium tetani is recovered from the wound in only 30% of patients


* Careful wound cleaning is essential when treating any wound.
* Protection against tetanus with vaccine
* Analgesic should be administered to prevent pain.
* Antibiotic therapy (Metronidazole or Penicillin)
* Patients with mild muscular spasms may be treated with infusions of diazepam

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