Timber – Economic usage of Plants


The basic need of shelter is obtained from the timber trees.

Teak Botanical name :

Tectona grandis

Family: Lamiaceae

Origin and Area of cultivation:

This is native to South east Asia. It is observed wild in Assam. But cultivated in Bengal, Assam, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and North-West India.


It is one of best timbers of the world.The heartwood is golden yellow to golden brown when freshly sawn, turning darker when exposed to light. Known for its durability as it is immune to the attack of termites and fungi. T he wood does not split or crack and is a carpenter friendly wood. It was the chief railway carriage and wagon wood in India. Ship building and bridge-building depends on teakwood. It is also used in making boats, toys, plywood, door frames and doors.

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