What is Design- what is classification design- what is Structural Design – what is Decorative Design


Design is the arrangement of elements namely line, shape, form, colour and texture according to the principles of design namely harmony, rhythm, emphasis, balance and proportion. When it is done so, the resultant design would be beautiful and pleasing.

Classification of Design

The design is classified into two as Structural design and Decorative design. The decorative design may be divided into five type’s namely naturalistic, conventional, abstract, historic and geometric designs.

Structural Design

The structure of an object is an integral part of the design and is said to be structural design. As far as the textiles are concerned, the woven pattern itself is the structural design. The garment details such as yokes, collars, pockets, sleeves as well as the seam lines are the structural design. The structural designs should meet basic criteria and should serve the purpose, be simple in design, appear perfect in proportion and have good choice of material. Structural design can be classified into two types as good structural design and bad structural design.

To create any garment with good structural design, there are some criteria to be fulfilled.

They are:

● the silhouette should match the body structure

● provide comfort to the wearer

● line, form and texture should merge with the body structure.

When the above criteria are not fulfilled the garment is said to have bad structural design.

Decorative Design

Decorative design is the surface enrichment on any fabric or a garment. It is applied on structural design for the purpose of adding a richer appearance. When design is imparted after weaving, it becomes decorative design. Examples – applique, patch work, embroidery, painting or any trimmings or decoration. Good decorative design should be :

● moderate and simple

● placed in a structural point (collar, seam line, pocket, sleeve and yoke)

● shape enhancing

● suitable for the material and garment style

● emphasized with enough background space

● uniform in distribution of pattern.

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