Parliament: Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha

Polity UG degree

Powers of the Lok Sabha

1. The of Lok Sabha is the most powerful political institution which reflects the political, social and economic conditions of the country, holds highest responsibility and virtually represents the entire population.

2. The Lok Sabha is constituted with members elected directly by the people. These members represent the varied interests of the people. Thus it becomes the apex democratic institution. It is here that the nation’s policies, programmes and laws emerge.

3. The Lok Sabha makes the Laws on the matters of Union List and Concurrent List. It can exact new laws and repeal existing law or amend the same. It has an exclusive authority over money bills.

4. The special power of the Lok Sabha is that once it passes the budget or any other money related law, the Rajya Sabha cannot reject it. But the Rajya Sabha can only delay the law for 14 days and if Rajya Sabha suggests any changes regarding the law, it is upto the Lok Sabha to accept or reject it.

5. One of the privileges of the Lok Sabha is preparing and presenting the budget and financial statement, which is an explicit expression of people’s control over the nation’s economy.

6. The Lok Sabha controls the executive by asking questions, supplementary questions, passing resolutions, motions and no confidence motion.

7. The Lok Sabha has the power to amend the constitution and approve the proclamation of emergency.

8. The Lok Sabha involves in electing the President and Vice-President of India.

9. The Lok Sabha has power to establish new Committees and commissions and tabling their reports for debate and discussion and further consideration for implementation.

10. The Lok Sabha controls the council of Ministers and a Prime Minister, who enjoys the majority support of it. If the Prime Minister loses the confidence of the Lok Sabha, the entire government has to quit and face the election.

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