COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), COPD causes and Symptoms, Nursing Management in COPD

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) This is characterized by progressive airflow limitation that is not fully reversible. It includes chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema and bronchial asthma. Chronic bronchitis, is a chronic inflammation of the lower respiratory tract characterized by excessive mucous secretion, cough, and dyspnea associated with recurring infections of lower respiratory tract. Pulmonary emphysema, […]

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Asthma,causes of asthma, Symptoms of Asthma,

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airway causing mucosal oedema and increased mucous production. Causes * Exposure to indoor and outdoor allergens * Airway irritant Risk factors * Family history of bronchial asthma * Exposure to airway irritants (weed, pollens, dust, strong odours, smoke) Signs and Symptoms: * Non-Productive cough * Dyspnea * Diaphoresis […]

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Important Days In Year 2021, Indian Public Holidays,Festival days in 2021

Important dates and Days in January 2021 1-January-2021 : New Year’s Day, Global Family Day 4-January-2021: World Braille Day 6-January-2021: World War Orphans Day, National Technology Day 9-January-2021: NRI Day (Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas) 10-January-2021: World Hindi Day 11-January-2021: National Human Trafficking Awareness Day, National Road Safety Week 12-January-2021: National Youth Day, 13-January-2021: Lohri Day 14-15 […]

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What is Anaemia, causes of anemia, symptoms of anaemia, Types of Anaemia, Complications of Anaemia

Anaemia Anaemia is a condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells and a deficiency of haemoglobin resulting in decreased oxygen-carrying capacity. Causes 1. Blood loss related to trauma 2. Decreased production of platelets. 3. Increased destruction of platelets 4. Decreased number of clotting factor. 5. Impairment of RBC […]

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Acute Myocardial Infarction, What is the main cause of a myocardial infarction? What is the difference between a heart attack and a myocardial infarction? What are the 4 silent signs of a heart attack?

Myocardial infarction refers to a dynamic process by which one or more regions of myocardium experience prolonged decrease in oxygen supply because of insufficient coronary blood flow causing necrosis of tissue. Causes * Occlusion of a coronary artery * Streneous physical activity * Emotional stress such as anger * Exposure to cold * Thrombus formation […]

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What is Hypertension, What is BP, What happen on Hyper tension or High Blood pressure, What causes hypertension and High Blood pressure

Hypertension A normal blood pressure reads as 120/80 where 120 denotes the systolic pressure and 80 denotes the diastolic pressure. When the value of blood pressure is 140/90 and above, then it is called as high blood pressure or hypertension. Blood pressure is the force of blood pressing against the walls of the blood vessels […]

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Cholecystitis, Inflammation of the gall bladder, signs and symptoms

Inflammation of the gall bladder Causes * Exact cxauses is not known * Gall stones and kinking or twisting of bile duct Risk factor * Sedentary life style * Obesity Signs & Symptoms * Pain on right upper quadrant/epigastric or both * Nausea * Vomiting * Increased temperature * Mild jaundice Investigations * Ultrasonography * […]

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Current Affairs 9th Jan 2021, Weekly Current Affairs

* Superfast special train between Mumbai-Delhi to speed up from January 9, 2021 * Two students from Hyderabad’s government school have given an organic substitute for gypsum chalks. * Government to begin 3- day nationwide polio immunisation from January 17, 2021 * Arrest warrant issued against Masood Azhar by Pakistan court for terror financing * […]

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What is hernia,Types of Hernia, Classification of Hernia, Symptoms of hernia, Treatment and management of hernia

Hernia A hernia is a protrusion of an organ, tissue or structure through the wall of the cavity in which it is normally contained. Causes 1. Congenital weakness of the abdominal wall. 2. Acquired causes (traumatic injury, aging). 3. Increased intra-abdominal pressure due to heavy lifting, obesity, pregnancy, straining and chronic coughing. Types of hernia […]

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Role of Nurse in the Communicable Disease, Management Health promotion using the TALK approach

TALK approach * T – TELL about healthy life style to practice all the hygienic practices. * A –ADVICE to individuals and families what to do to reduce risk and adopt healthy life styles. * L – LEAD collective community action to reduce the risk factor by working with community based organisation. * K – […]

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20 ways to live healthier life, Common Control Measures of Communicable diseases, Diseases spreading awareness

Ways Of Controlling Diseases 1) Wash your hands before and after contact with an infected person.All bodily fluids from the infected person are considered contagious. Hand washing is one of the most standard ways to avoid infection.Wash your hands throughly. 2) Wash for the appropriate amount of time, or use hand sanitizer. Use an alcohol-based […]

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Gonorrhoea, Sexually transmitted disease, Human Sexual transmitted disease, Symptoms of Gonorrhoea, Diagnosis and Complications of gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Its caused by infection with the bacterium neisseria gonorrhoea, it tends to infect warm, moist area of the body. Causative organism * Nesseria Gonorrhoea Incubation period * 2-5 daysafter exposure Symptoms In men • White, yellow or green urethral discharge (pus-like) • Pain in the testicles or scrotum […]

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HIV and AIDS, Transmission of HIV, Symptoms of HIV and Aids

HIV is a virus that damages the immune systems, which helps the body to off infection. Causative organism * Human immuno deficiency virus Incubation period * Between 2 weeks to months, or longer *Through Body Transmission of HIV * Body Fluids * Blood * Breast milk * Semen * Vaginal and rectal fluids * Sharing […]

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Tetanus Infection ,Damage Nervous system and Muscle, Symptoms of Tetanus infection

Tetanus Tetanus is caused by the infection of wounds by bacterium Clostridium tetani, which produces toxin that damages the ner-vous system and muscles Causative organism: * Bacterium Clostridium Tetani Incubation period * 3–21 days Signs and symptoms * Muscle rigidity * Lockjaw an inability to open the mouth wide * Firmness of the Abdominal muscles […]

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Important Updates on 8th January 2021, Current Affairs daily,Sarkari Exam Preparation

08 January 2021 . Elon Musk Is Now The Richest Person In The World ($190 Billion) US Congress Confirms Joe Biden’s Victory As Next US President With 306 Votes Renowned Indian Fashion Designer Satya Paul Passed Away Govt To Form Committee To Protect Culture , Land And Language Of Ladakh ✅The Committee By The Govt […]

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Anthrax, What is Anthrax, Animal Infections,

Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Primarily a disease of herbivorous animals, but it can infect all mammals including humans. The B. Anthracis spores can be found in animal products such as wool, hair, hides, skins, bones, meal and the carcasses of infected animals. The spores can […]

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Current affairs daily – 7th January 2021,Daily important updates for Exam Preparation

07 January 2021 . 06 January : Journalist Day (Maharashtra) 06 January : World Day Of War Orphans This Day Was Established By French Organization Named SOS Enfants En Detresses Union Petroleum Minister D Pradhan Launches Migrant Worker Cell In Surat Argentine Filmmaker Pablo Cesar To Head 51st Goa’s IFFI’s International Jury J&K Inks MoU […]

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Encephalitis, brain inflammation or Swelling disease,Main cause of encephalitis, Symptoms of encephalitis, Symptoms of new born and infants

Encephalitis is an acute inflammation (Swelling) of the brain usually resulting from either a viral infection or due to the body’s immune system mistakenly attacking brain tissue. * VIRAL INFECTIONS * Mumps * Measles * Rubella * HSV * Inuenga * Rabies * HUMAN SLOW VIRUS DISEASES * HIV * SSPE * KURU * CJD […]

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Dengue, Mosquito bite diseases, dengue fevet, dengu haemorrhagic, Symptoms of dengue, control measures of dengue

Dengue is a viral disease , it is transmitted by the infective bite of female Aedes Aegypti mosquito, it occurs in two forms. * Dengue fever * Dengue Haemorrhagic Causative organism *Aedes Aegypti Mosquito Incubation period * 2 to 7 days Signs & Symptoms * Abrupt onset of high fever * Severe frontal headache * […]

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