Tetanus Infection ,Damage Nervous system and Muscle, Symptoms of Tetanus infection

Nursing

Tetanus

Tetanus is caused by the infection of wounds by bacterium Clostridium tetani, which produces toxin that damages the ner-vous system and muscles

Causative organism:

* Bacterium Clostridium Tetani

Incubation period

* 3–21 days

Signs and symptoms

* Muscle rigidity

* Lockjaw an inability to open the mouth wide
* Firmness of the Abdominal muscles
* Painful muscle spasm
* Cardiac arrhythmia
* High blood pressure

Diagnosis

* Diagnosis is entirely clinical

* Clostridium tetani is recovered from the wound in only 30% of patients

Management

* Careful wound cleaning is essential when treating any wound.
* Protection against tetanus with vaccine
* Analgesic should be administered to prevent pain.
* Antibiotic therapy (Metronidazole or Penicillin)
* Patients with mild muscular spasms may be treated with infusions of diazepam

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